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Impact of the structural adjustment program on agricultural production and resource use in Egypt:

Author

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  • Hazell, P. B. R.
  • Soliman, Ibrahim
  • Siam, Gamal
  • Perez, Nicostrato

Abstract

This paper uses an agricultural sector model to evaluate the effects of an ambitious and ongoing policy reform program on agricultural production and resource use in Egypt. The results show that Egypt has already gained from the policy reforms, but that much larger gains depend on increased exports of high value crops. Water is found to be emerging as an important constraint on agriculture, and it will be essential to establish more effective institutional and pricing mechanisms to encourage greater water use efficiency in the future. Because many of the new lands compete with the more productive lands of the Nile delta for water, the economic return to the development of new lands is also found to be low. The policy reforms are not likely to lead to substantial increases in agricultural employment, even if exports of high value crops could be increased. However, the model results also show that more employment intensive strategies could be designed that would involve little sacrifice in economic efficiency.

Suggested Citation

  • Hazell, P. B. R. & Soliman, Ibrahim & Siam, Gamal & Perez, Nicostrato, 1995. "Impact of the structural adjustment program on agricultural production and resource use in Egypt:," EPTD discussion papers 10, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:eptddp:10
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Falck Zepeda, José & Barreto-Triana, Nancy & Baquero-Haeberlin, Irma & Espitia-Malagón, Eduardo & Fierro-Guzmán, Humberto & López, Nancy, 2006. "An exploration of the potential benefits of integrated pest management systems and the use of insect resistant potatoes to control the Guatemalan Tuber Moth (Tecia solanivora Povolny) in Ventaquemada,," EPTD discussion papers 152, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Linacre, Nicholas & Falck-Zepeda, José & Komen, John & MacLaren, Donald, 2006. "Risk assessment and management of genetically modified organisms under Australia's Gene Technology Act:," EPTD discussion papers 157, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Pardey, Philip G. & Alston, Julian M. & Chan-Kang, Connie & Magalhães, Eduardo C. & Vosti, Stephen A., 2002. "Assessing and attributing the benefits from varietal improvement research: evidence from Embrapa, Brazil," EPTD discussion papers 95, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    4. Soliman, Ibrahim, 2003. "Diagnosis and Challenges of the Sustainable Agricultural Development in Egypt," MPRA Paper 66629, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Bruce McCarl & Mark Musumba & Joel Smith & Paul Kirshen & Russell Jones & Akram El-Ganzori & Mohamed Ali & Mossad Kotb & Ibrahim El-Shinnawy & Mona El-Agizy & Mohamed Bayoumi & Riina Hynninen, 2015. "Climate change vulnerability and adaptation strategies in Egypt’s agricultural sector," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 20(7), pages 1097-1109, October.
    6. Gruère, Guillaume & Giuliani, Alessandra & Smale, Melinda, 2006. "Marketing underutilized plant species for the benefit of the poor: a conceptual framework," EPTD discussion papers 154, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    7. Ibrahim Soliman & Jacinto F. Fabiosa & Halah Bassiony, 2010. "Review of Agricultural Policy Evolution, Agricultural Data Sources, and Food Supply and Demand Studies in Egypt, A," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 10-wp506, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
    8. Soliman, Ibrahim & Gaber, Mohamed, 2010. "Rural Development Policies in Egypt," MPRA Paper 66630, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Di Falco, Salvatore & Chavas, Jean-Paul & Smale, Melinda, 2006. "Farmer management of production risk on degraded lands: the role of wheat genetic diversity in Tigray Region, Ethiopia," EPTD discussion papers 153, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    10. Soliman, Ibrahim, 2015. "Diagnosis and Challenges of Sustainable Agricultural Development in Egypt," MPRA Paper 66443, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. McCauley, David & Anderson, Robert & Bowen, Richard & Elassiouty, Ibrahim & Mahdy, Elsayed & Soliman, Ibrahim, 2002. "Economic Instruments For Improved Water Resources Management In Egypt," MPRA Paper 40581, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Feb 2002.
    12. Smale, Melinda & Zambrano, Patricia & Falck-Zepeda, José & Gruère, Guillaume, 2006. "Parables: applied economics literature about the impact of genetically engineered crop varieties in developing economies," EPTD discussion papers 158, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

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