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Diagnosis and Challenges of the Sustainable Agricultural Development in Egypt

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  • Soliman, Ibrahim

Abstract

This chapter diagnoses the challenges of the sustainable agricultural development in Egypt via the trend of the agricultural trade inflow, rural poverty indicators and causes; agricultural resources use; migration and agricultural labor employment; public health and education Indicators. The analysis recommended a rural development program as an approach to sustainable agricultural. The degradation in Egyptian exports to the World was mainly due to the Impacts of Non-Tariff Barriers. The rural poverty is deeper than Urban and concentrates in Rural Upper Egypt. 92 % of farms are less than 2 ha generated average farm income in 2010 less than $2 per capita/day. They relied upon off-farm income to pass the poverty line. There is speed shrinkage in the agricultural acreage, deterioration in soil Fertility, and numerous types of waste in the available quota of the irrigation water and its quality. There is significant migration rate and agricultural unemployment and imbalance between the expanded access to piped water and the lack of sanitation network in rural. While 30 beds and 13 doctors serving 10,000 citizens in big cities only less than 20 beds and 2 doctors serve 10,000 citizens in rural towns. Although; the literacy Rural/Urban gap was decreased from 45 % in 1995 to less than 21 % in 2010, the literacy rate in upper rural Egypt is the least. The recommended rural development program towards agricultural sustainability requires: Identification of the targeting poorest villages and their needs eligible for livelihood; the appropriateness of the governmental services to meet the actual needs in rural; and the social welfare policies that alleviate poverty by removing poor infrastructure conditions.

Suggested Citation

  • Soliman, Ibrahim, 2003. "Diagnosis and Challenges of the Sustainable Agricultural Development in Egypt," MPRA Paper 66629, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:66629
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Adams, Richard H, Jr, 1991. "The Economic Uses and Impact of International Remittances in Rural Egypt," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 39(4), pages 695-722, July.
    2. Soliman, Ibrahim, 1992. "Agricultural Mechanization And Economic Efficiency Of Agricultural Production In Egypt," Conference Papers 112669, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
    3. Soliman, Ibrahim & Gaber, Mohamed, 2010. "Rural Development Policies in Egypt," MPRA Paper 66630, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Soliman, Ibrahim & Eid, Nafissa, 1995. "Impacts Of Egyptian Socio-Economic Environment On Dietary Pattern And Adequacy," Journal Articles 107278, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
    5. Soliman, Ibrahim, 1995. "A Model For The Appraisal Of The Environmental Impacts Of The Projects," Conference Papers 119883, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
    6. Soliman, Ibrahim & Ewaida, Osama, 1996. "Impact of technological changes and economic liberalization on agricultural labor employment and Productivity," MPRA Paper 31165, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 29 Dec 1996.
    7. Soliman, Ibrahim, 2010. "Human Development Indicators in Rural Egypt," MPRA Paper 66547, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Apr 2010.
    8. Hazell, P. B. R. & Soliman, Ibrahim & Siam, Gamal & Perez, Nicostrato, 1995. "Impact of the structural adjustment program on agricultural production and resource use in Egypt:," EPTD discussion papers 10, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    9. S. Brock Blomberg & Gregory D. Hess, 2002. "The Temporal Links between Conflict and Economic Activity," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 46(1), pages 74-90, February.
    10. El-Asfahani, Aida & Soliman, Ibrahim, 1989. "Planning for food and nutrition security in Egypt: social, economic, and political considerations," MPRA Paper 67544, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Egypt; Development Economics; Supply Chain Management; sustainable agricultural development;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets

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