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Role of buffalo in international trade

  • Soliman, Ibrahim
  • Bassiony, Hala

Although buffalo populations expand in 43 courtiers in the world, only four countries are producing more than 98% of the world buffalo milk in 2007 and around 73% of the world buffalo meat in the same year. These are China, India, Pakistan, and Egypt. Egypt is almost the only country in Africa that raises buffalo. There was a growth rate in the number of milking buffaloes and the percentage of milking buffaloes in the total stock is around 44%. The average annual milk yield per head increased from 957 kilograms in 1991 to about 1394 in 2007, at an annual growth rate 3%. There was an increase in the number of slaughtered animals at 1.5% a year, associated with an increase in the average carcass weight from 133 Kg to 174 Kg at annual rate of 1.9%. The buffaloes in Africa produce 50% of milk and 42% of red meat. The buffalo systems recognize higher profitability and return to investment, and lower net production costs of milk (4% fat), than both local and exotic cattle breeds. Egypt has apparent comparative advantage in producing milk rather than meat from buffalo. Therefore, the development plan should focus upon raising buffalo milk productivity, making meat production as a secondary joint product. Buffalo production is an approach towards rural development. Rural women have a major role in either decision making or labor share of buffalo enterprising. The progressive buffalo farms showed potential productive and reproductive performances. They are nucleus farms providing the traditional farms with improved genetic makeup

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 36740.

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Date of creation: 25 Apr 2011
Date of revision: 10 Jun 2011
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:36740
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  1. El-Asfahani, Aida & Soliman, Ibrahim, 1989. "Planning for food and nutrition security in Egypt: social, economic, and political considerations," MPRA Paper 67544, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Soliman, Ibrahim & Nawar, Moustafa, 1986. "Feed Use Patterns for Livestock on The Egyptian Farm," Conference Papers 210434, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  3. Ibrahim, Soliman, 1985. "Milk Marketed Surplus of the Egyptian Mixed Farm," Conference Papers 209777, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  4. Soliman, Ibrahim, 1985. "An Analysis of the Buffalo Milk Response under the Conventional Egyptian Farming system," Conference Papers 210365, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  5. Soliman, Ibrahim & Eid, Nafissa, 1995. "Impacts Of Egyptian Socio-Economic Environment On Dietary Pattern And Adequacy," Reprints 208993, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  6. Soliman, Ibrahim, 1994. "Impacts of Gatt Implementation and Animal Protein Food System in Egypt," Reprints 210380, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  7. Soliman, Ibrahim & Sadek, M. Hussein, 2004. "Impacts Of Productive And Reproductive Performances On Investment Efficiency Of Buffalo Enterprise In Egypt," Conference Papers 209000, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  8. Soliman, Ibrahim & F. Mashhour, Ahmed, 2000. "Impacts of economic Liberalization on socio-economic factors affecting investment in livestock on traditional farms," Reprints 212869, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  9. Soliman, Ibrahim, 1992. "Agricultural Mechanization And Economic Efficiency Of Agricultural Production In Egypt," Conference Papers 112669, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  10. Soliman, Ibrahim, 1991. "Feasibility of Buffalo Production in Egyptian Economy through A Planning Model," Conference Papers 210363, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  11. Soliman, Ibrahim & J.B., Fitch,, 1985. "Relative Economic Efficiency of Buffalo Milk Production in Egypt," Conference Papers 210326, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  12. Soliman, Ibrahim, 2004. "The Role Of Rural Women In Labor And Decision Making For Buffalo Enterprise In Egyptian Agriculture," Conference Papers 208994, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  13. Soliman, Ibrahim & F. Mashhour, Ahmed, 2003. "Socio-economic Aspects of Buffalo Production," Conference Papers 210185, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  14. Soliman, Ibrahim & Shapouri, Shahla, 1983. "The Impacts of Wheat Price Policy change on Nutritional Status in Egypt," MPRA Paper 32395, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Feb 1984.
  15. Soliman, Ibrahim & El-Shenawy, Mohamed, 1983. "livestock Working Power in Egyptian Agriculture," Conference Papers 210436, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
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