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The Impact Of Wheat Price Policy Change On Nutritional Status In Egypt


  • Soliman, Ibrahim
  • Shapouri, Shahla


We compared energy and protein consumption among various income classes in rural and urban areas of Egypt. The results indicate that adequate calories are provided at all income levels but inequalities exist in food distribution between rural and urban areas and among income classes. About two-thirds of Egypt's wheat, the country's basic food, is imported and the price is heavily subsidized by the Government. Our analysis shows that removing the wheat price subsidy would create a large nutritional sacrifice for the poor, especially in rural areas. We also examined alternative policies for improving nutritional status and reducing Government subsidy costs.

Suggested Citation

  • Soliman, Ibrahim & Shapouri, Shahla, 1984. "The Impact Of Wheat Price Policy Change On Nutritional Status In Egypt," Staff Reports 276793, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uerssr:276793
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.276793

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Johnston, Bruce F. & Martorell, Reynaldo, 1977. "Interrelationships Among Nutrition, Health, Population, and Development," Food Research Institute Studies, Stanford University, Food Research Institute, vol. 16(2), pages 1-10.
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    Cited by:

    1. Soliman, Ibrahim & Mashhour, Ahmed & Gaber, Mohamed, 2011. "A review of The National and International Agro‐Food Policies and Institutions in Egypt," MPRA Paper 66779, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 May 2011.
    2. Parker, John & Shapouri, Shahla, 1993. "Egypt: Determinants of Wheat Import Demand," Staff Reports 278714, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    3. Soliman, Ibrahim & Eid, Nafissa, 1995. "Impacts Of Egyptian Socio-Economic Environment On Dietary Pattern And Adequacy," Journal Articles 208993, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
    4. Ibrahim Soliman & Jacinto F. Fabiosa & Halah Bassiony, 2010. "Review of Agricultural Policy Evolution, Agricultural Data Sources, and Food Supply and Demand Studies in Egypt, A," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 10-wp506, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
    5. Soliman, Ibrahim & Bassiony, Hala, 2011. "Role of buffalo in international trade," MPRA Paper 36740, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Jun 2011.
    6. El-Asfahani, Aida & Soliman, Ibrahim, 1989. "Planning for food and nutrition security in Egypt: social, economic, and political considerations," MPRA Paper 67544, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty


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