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The Impacts of Wheat Price Policy change on Nutritional Status in Egypt


  • Soliman, Ibrahim
  • Shapouri, Shahla


We compared energy and protein consumption among various Income classes in rural and urban areas of Egypt, The results indicate that adequate calories are provided at all income levels but inequalities exist in food distribution between rural and urban areas and among income classes. About two-thirds of Egypt's wheat, the country's basic food, is imported and the price is .heavily subsidized by the Government. Our analysis shows that removing the wheat price subsidy would create a large nutritional sacrifice for the poor, especially in rural areas. We also examined alternative policies for improving nutritional status and reducing Government subsidy costs.

Suggested Citation

  • Soliman, Ibrahim & Shapouri, Shahla, 1983. "The Impacts of Wheat Price Policy change on Nutritional Status in Egypt," MPRA Paper 32395, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Feb 1984.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:32395

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Johnston, Bruce F. & Martorell, Reynaldo, 1977. "Interrelationships Among Nutrition, Health, Population, and Development," Food Research Institute Studies, Stanford University, Food Research Institute, vol. 16(2), pages 1-10.
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    Cited by:

    1. Soliman, Ibrahim & Bassiony, Hala, 2011. "Role of buffalo in international trade," MPRA Paper 36740, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Jun 2011.
    2. Soliman, Ibrahim & Mashhour, Ahmed & Gaber, Mohamed, 2011. "A review of The National and International Agro‐Food Policies and Institutions in Egypt," MPRA Paper 66779, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 May 2011.
    3. Soliman, Ibrahim & Eid, Nafissa, 1995. "Impacts Of Egyptian Socio-Economic Environment On Dietary Pattern And Adequacy," Journal Articles 107278, Zagazig University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
    4. El-Asfahani, Aida & Soliman, Ibrahim, 1989. "Planning for food and nutrition security in Egypt: social, economic, and political considerations," MPRA Paper 67544, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Parker, John & Shapouri, Shahla, 1993. "Egypt: Determinants of Wheat Import Demand," Staff Reports 278714, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    6. Ibrahim Soliman & Jacinto F. Fabiosa & Halah Bassiony, 2010. "Review of Agricultural Policy Evolution, Agricultural Data Sources, and Food Supply and Demand Studies in Egypt, A," Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) Publications (archive only) 10-wp506, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.

    More about this item


    Egypt; energy requirement; protein requirement; calorie consumption; protein consumption; wheat consumption; income elasticities; price elasticitie.s; food policy.;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty


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