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Whither the liquidity effect: the impact of Federal Reserve Open Market Operations in recent years

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Previous research indicated that the daily liquidity effect, or the change in the federal funds rate associated with an exogenous change in Fed balances, varies with several factors including the day of the maintenance period. In this paper, we examine the data over the recent period of increased Federal Reserve transparency and find that the liquidity effect stabilized across days of the maintenance period. Rather, the liquidity effect may be a function of the uncertainty about banks' end-of-day balances. Moreover, we find that increased transparency led to a larger liquidity effect on the days prior to an FOMC meeting.

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  • Ruth Judson & Elizabeth C. Klee, 2009. "Whither the liquidity effect: the impact of Federal Reserve Open Market Operations in recent years," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2009-25, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2009-25
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    Cited by:

    1. J�rôme Vandenbussche & Szabolcs Blazsek & Stanley Watt, 2012. "The liquidity and liquidity distribution effects in emerging markets: evidence from Jordan," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(3), pages 231-242, February.
    2. Jane E. Ihrig & Ellen E. Meade & Gretchen C. Weinbach, 2015. "Monetary Policy 101: A Primer on the Fed's Changing Approach to Policy Implementation," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2015-47, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    3. Judson, Ruth A. & Klee, Elizabeth, 2011. "Big bank, small bank: Monetary policy implementation and banks' reserve management strategies," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 63(4), pages 306-328, July.
    4. John Kandrac & Bernd Schlusche, 2017. "Quantitative Easing and Bank Risk Taking: Evidence from Lending," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2017-125, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    5. Marquez, Jaime & Morse, Ari & Schlusche, Bernd, 2013. "The Federal Reserve’s balance sheet and overnight interest rates: Empirical modeling of exit strategies," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5300-5315.
    6. Alexander Kroeger & John McGowan & Asani Sarkar, 2018. "The pre-crisis monetary policy implementation framework," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue 24-2, pages 38-70.
    7. Dawid Johannes van Lill, 2017. "Changes in the Liquidity Effect Over Time: Evidence from Four Monetary Policy Regimes," Working Papers 704, Economic Research Southern Africa.
    8. Yasuo Hirose & Shinsuke Ohyama, 2010. "Identifying the Effect of the Bank of Japan's Liquidity Facilities: The Case of Commercial Paper Operations During the Financial Turmoil," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(3), pages 461-483, December.
    9. Kopchak, Seth J., 2011. "The liquidity effect for open market operations," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 3292-3299.

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    Keywords

    Open market operations; Federal funds market (United States);

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