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Identifying the Effect of the Bank of Japan's Liquidity Facilities: The Case of Commercial Paper Operations During the Financial Turmoil

  • Yasuo Hirose
  • Shinsuke Ohyama

How do we evaluate the effects of unconventional monetary policy measures? To answer this question, we propose a simple structural model that enables us to identify the effects of liquidity facilities during financial turmoil. Specifically, we develop a model that examines the effects of the Bank of Japan's (BoJ's) commercial paper (CP) operations on the CP primary market. On the basis of the structural model, we measure the effects of CP operations as differences between the actual rates in the primary market and the counterfactual rates without the operations, and decompose the effects into three factors. We apply our model to identifying the effects of CP operations from October 2008 to May 2009, including the period after the BoJ introduced the outright purchase of CP and its special funds-supplying operation accepting CPs as collateral in addition to the CP repo operation. Our results suggest that the CP repo operation and the outright purchase of CP had marked effects initially; however, these effects were subdued subsequently. Moreover, the effects of the special funds‐supplying operation were substantial and persistent from January to April 2009.

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Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal International Finance.

Volume (Year): 13 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 (Winter)
Pages: 461-483

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Handle: RePEc:bla:intfin:v:13:y:2010:i:3:p:461-483
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  1. James J. McAndrews & Asani Sarkar & Zhenyu Wang, 2008. "The effect of the Term Auction Facility on the London Inter-Bank Offered Rate," Staff Reports 335, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  2. Eisenschmidt, Jens & Hirsch, Astrid & Linzert, Tobias, 2009. "Bidding behaviour in the ECB’s main refinancing operations during the financial crisis," Working Paper Series 1052, European Central Bank.
  3. Hayashi, Fumio, 2001. "Identifying a Liquidity Effect in the Japanese Interbank Market," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 42(2), pages 287-315, May.
  4. Hamilton, James D, 1997. "Measuring the Liquidity Effect," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(1), pages 80-97, March.
  5. Jens H. E. Christensen & Jose A. Lopez & Glenn D. Rudebusch, 2009. "Do central bank liquidity facilities affect interbank lending rates?," Working Paper Series 2009-13, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  6. Judson, Ruth A. & Klee, Elizabeth, 2010. "Whither the liquidity effect: The impact of Federal Reserve open market operations in recent years," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 713-731, September.
  7. Hirose, Yasuo & Ohyama, Shinsuke & Taniguchi, Ken, 2012. "The effects of Bank of Japan’s liquidity provision on the year-end premium," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 179-185.
  8. Seth B. Carpenter & Selva Demiralp, 2004. "The liquidity effect in the federal funds market: evidence from daily open market operations," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2004-61, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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