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Targeting the Poor: A Macroeconomic Analysis of Cash Transfer Programs

  • Berriel, Tiago Couto
  • Zilberman, Eduardo

This paper introduces cash transfers targeting the poor in an incomplete markets model with heterogeneous agents facing idiosyncratic risk. These transfers change the degree of insurance in the economy and a ect precautionary motives asymmetrically, leading the poorest households to decrease savings proportionally more than their richer counterparts. In a model economy calibrated to Brazil, once the cash transfer program is adopted, wealth inequality and social welfare increase, poverty decreases, while employment and income inequality remain about the same. Imperfect access to nancial markets is important for these results, whereas whether the program is funded with lump sum or distortive taxes is not.

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Paper provided by FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil) in its series Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) with number 726.

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Date of creation: 14 Dec 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:fgv:epgewp:726
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