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Decentralization and education performance: a first view to the Brazilian process


  • Paredes, Ricardo D.
  • Souza, André Portela Fernandes de
  • Leme, Maria Carolina da Silva


This paper analyses the impact of the decentralization in educational system that is taking place in Brazil in the last decade, as a result of several laws that encourage municipalities to invest in fundamental education. The proficiency tests undertaken by the government allows to follow some public schools in two points in time. Therefore we were able to create an experimental group with the schools that were under state system in the SAEB exam and have migrated to the municipality system by the time of Prova Brasil and a control group with the schools that were under the state system between the two exams and compare the difference in their results using a fixed effect panel data analysis. The difference in difference estimator indicates that there is no significant change in the performance of the students.

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  • Paredes, Ricardo D. & Souza, André Portela Fernandes de & Leme, Maria Carolina da Silva, 2010. "Decentralization and education performance: a first view to the Brazilian process," Textos para discussão 207, FGV/EESP - Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  • Handle: RePEc:fgv:eesptd:207

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    1. Hanushek, Eric A, 1995. "Interpreting Recent Research on Schooling in Developing Countries," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 10(2), pages 227-246, August.
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