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Transforming the European Energy System: Member States’ Prospects Within the EU Framework

  • Brigitte Knopf

    (Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK))

  • Bjørn Bakken

    (SINTEF Energy Research)

  • Samuel Carrara

    (Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei and Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change)

  • Amit Kanudia

    (KanORS-EMR)

  • Ilkka Keppo

    (University College London)

  • Tiina Koljonen

    (VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland)

  • Silvana Mima

    (PACTE-EDDEN, CNRS, Université Grenoble Alpes)

  • Eva Schmid

    (Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK))

  • Detlef van Vuuren

    (PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency and Utrecht University, Department of Geosciences)

The Energy Modeling Forum 28 (EMF28) performed a large-scale model comparison exercise to illustrate different technology pathways for cutting European greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050. Focusing on selected countries (France, Germany, Italy, Sweden and UK), this paper first analyses climate and energy policy objectives and debates in the respective countries. It then compares EMF28 model results to the short-term projections of the National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs) and the long-term transformation pathway given in the European Commission’s “Energy Roadmap 2050”. It concludes that there is sufficient agreement with the NREAPs and national policies to accept the model results as conceivable scenarios. The scenarios suggest that in the future a variety of different national energy mixes will continue to reflect the different resource bases and preferences of individual Member States. In order to ensure a cost-efficient transformation, it is important to improve coordination between Member State policies and those at EU level.

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Paper provided by Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei in its series Working Papers with number 2014.14.

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Date of creation: Feb 2014
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Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:2014.14
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  1. Brigitte Knopf & Yen-Heng Henry Chen & Enrica De Cian & Hannah Förster & Amit Kanudia & Ioanna Karkatsouli & Ilkka Keppo & Tiina Koljonen & Katja Schumacher & Detlef P. Van Vuuren, 2013. "Beyond 2020 — Strategies And Costs For Transforming The European Energy System," Climate Change Economics (CCE), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 4(su), pages 1340001-1-1.
  2. Grau, Thilo & Huo, Molin & Neuhoff, Karsten, 2012. "Survey of photovoltaic industry and policy in Germany and China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 20-37.
  3. Lehmann, Paul & Gawel, Erik, 2013. "Why should support schemes for renewable electricity complement the EU emissions trading scheme?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 597-607.
  4. Bazilian, Morgan & Onyeji, Ijeoma & Liebreich, Michael & MacGill, Ian & Chase, Jennifer & Shah, Jigar & Gielen, Dolf & Arent, Doug & Landfear, Doug & Zhengrong, Shi, 2013. "Re-considering the economics of photovoltaic power," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 329-338.
  5. Patrick Criqui & Silvana Mima, 2012. "European climate -- energy security nexus: A model based scenario analysis," Post-Print halshs-00661043, HAL.
  6. Jochen Diekmann & Claudia Kemfert & Karsten Neuhoff, 2012. "Solarstromförderung: drastische Einschnitte nicht sinnvoll," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 79(12), pages 3-9.
  7. Edenhofer, Ottmar & Hirth, Lion & Knopf, Brigitte & Pahle, Michael & Schlömer, Steffen & Schmid, Eva & Ueckerdt, Falko, 2013. "On the economics of renewable energy sources," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(S1), pages S12-S23.
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