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Foreign Output Shocks and Monetary Policy Regimes in Small Open Economies: A DSGE Evaluation of East Asia

  • Joseph D. ALBA

    (Joseph D. ALBA Nanyang Technological University, Singapore)

  • Wai-Mun CHIA

    (Wai-Mun CHIA Nanyang Technological University, Singapore)

  • Donghyun PARK

    (Donghyun PARK Asian Development Bank (ADB), The Philippines)

East Asia’s small open economies were hit in varying degrees by the sharp drop in the output of major industrial countries during the global financial and economic crisis of 2008-2009. This highlights the role of monetary policy regimes in cushioning small open economies from adverse external output shocks. To assess the welfare impact of external shocks on key macroeconomic variables under different monetary policy regimes, we numerically solve and calculate the welfare loss function of a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model. We find that CPI inflation targeting minimizes welfare losses for import-to-GDP ratios from 0.3 to 0.9. However, welfare under the pegged exchange rate regime is almost equivalent to CPI inflation targeting when the import-to-GDP ratio is one while the Taylor-type rule minimizes welfare when the import-to-GDP ratio is 0.1. We calibrate the model and derive welfare implications for eight East Asian small open economies.

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Paper provided by Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) in its series Working Papers with number DP-2011-09.

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Length: 35 pages.
Date of creation: 01 Dec 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:era:wpaper:dp-2011-09
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