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Identidad social y estereotipos por color de piel: aspiraciones y desempeño en jóvenes mexicanos

Listed author(s):
  • Raymundo M. Campos Vázquez

    ()

    (El Colegio de México)

  • Eduardo M. Medina Cortina

    ()

    (El Colegio de México)

This article analyzes the effect of skin color stereotypes on the performance and aspirations of young Mexicans. We conducted a field experiment with 1,092 students in middle schools in Mexico City. Each student solved a test to measure cognitive abilities and a questionnaire about future aspirations. The experimental design consisted of randomly revealing information before performing the test. The control group did not receive any information. Treatment 1 received twelve images of public characters with light or white skin color prior taking the test, treatment 2 received a color palette to self-assess skin color and treatment 3 received both the mosaic of images and the palette of colors. The results reveal that the group that received both the images and the color palette presented a lower level of aspirations towards the future (0.26 standard deviations) than the control group. These effects come from women suggesting they are more sensitive to the negative effect of stereotypes.

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File URL: http://cee.colmex.mx/images/DT/DTCEEV2017.pdf
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Paper provided by El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos in its series Serie documentos de trabajo del Centro de Estudios Económicos with number 2017-05.

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Date of creation: Jul 2017
Handle: RePEc:emx:ceedoc:2017-05
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.colmex.mx/centros/cee/

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  1. Afridi, Farzana & Li, Sherry Xin & Ren, Yufei, 2015. "Social identity and inequality: The impact of China's hukou system," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 17-29.
  2. Eva O. Arceo-Gomez & Raymundo M. Campos-Vazquez, 2014. "Race and Marriage in the Labor Market: A Discrimination Correspondence Study in a Developing Country," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(5), pages 376-380, May.
  3. Duflo, Esther & Glennerster, Rachel & Kremer, Michael, 2008. "Using Randomization in Development Economics Research: A Toolkit," Handbook of Development Economics, Elsevier.
  4. Uri Gneezy & Muriel Niederle & Aldo Rustichini, 2003. "Performance in Competitive Environments: Gender Differences," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 118(3), pages 1049-1074.
  5. Roland G. Fryer, Jr, 2016. "The Production of Human Capital in Developed Countries: Evidence from 196 Randomized Field Experiments," NBER Working Papers 22130, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. David McKenzie, 2005. "Measuring inequality with asset indicators," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 18(2), pages 229-260, 06.
  7. Rachel Croson & Uri Gneezy, 2009. "Gender Differences in Preferences," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 47(2), pages 448-474, June.
  8. Hoff, Karla & Pandey, Priyanka, 2014. "Making up people—The effect of identity on performance in a modernizing society," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 118-131.
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