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Some historical perspectives on the Bond-Stock Earnings Yield Model for crash prediction around the world

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  • Lleo, Sebastien
  • Ziemba, Bill

Abstract

We provide a historical perspective focusing on Ziemba's experiences and research on the bond-stock earnings yield differential model (BSEYD) starting from when he first used it in Japan in 1988 through to the present in 2014. The model has called many but not all crashes. Those called have high interest rates in long term bonds relative to the trailing earnings to price ratio. In general, when the model is in the danger zone, almost always there will be a crash. The model predicted the crashes in China, Iceland and the US in the 2006-9 period. Iceland had a drop of fully 95%. For the US the call was on June 14, 2007 and the stock market fell 56.8%. A longer term study for the US, Canada, Japan, Germany, and UK shows that over long periods being in the stock market when the bond-stock signal is not in the danger zone and in cash when it is in the danger zone provides a final wealth about double buy and hold for each of these five countries. The best use of the model is for predicting crashes. Finally we compare Shiller's high PE ratio crash model to the BSEYD model for the US market from 1962-2012. While both models add value, the BSEYD model predicts crashes better.

Suggested Citation

  • Lleo, Sebastien & Ziemba, Bill, 2014. "Some historical perspectives on the Bond-Stock Earnings Yield Model for crash prediction around the world," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 60960, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:60960
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sébastien Lleo & William T. Ziemba, 2013. "Stock Market Crashes In 2007–2009: Were We Able To Predict Them?," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Oliviero Roggi & Edward I Altman (ed.), Managing and Measuring Risk Emerging Global Standards and Regulations After the Financial Crisis, chapter 13, pages 457-499, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. Lleo, Sebastien & Ziemba, William T., 2017. "A tale of two indexes: predicting equity market downturns in China," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 85131, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Lleo, Sebastien & Ziemba, William T., 2014. "Does the bond-stock earning yield differential model predict equity market corrections better than high P/E models?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 59290, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    4. Shiryaev, Albert N. & Zhitlukhin, Mikhail N. & Ziemba, Bill & Ziemba, William T., 2014. "Land and stock bubbles, crashes and exit strategies in Japan circa 1990 and in 2013," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 59288, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    stock market crashes; BSEYD and Fed models; long term investing;

    JEL classification:

    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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