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Information, data dimension and factor structure

  • Jan P.A.M. Jacobs

    ()

  • Pieter W. Otter

    ()

  • Ard H.J. den Reijer

    ()

This paper employs concepts from information theory to choosing the dimension of a data set. We propose a relative information measure connected to Kullback-Leibler numbers. By ordering the series of the data set according to the measure, we are able to obtain a subset of a data set that is most informative. The method can be used as a first step in the construction of a dynamic factor model or a leading index, as illustrated with a Monte Carlo study and with the U.S. macroeconomic data set of Stock and Watson [22].

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File URL: https://cama.crawford.anu.edu.au/pdf/working-papers/2011/152011.pdf
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Paper provided by Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University in its series CAMA Working Papers with number 2011-15.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:een:camaaa:2011-15
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  1. Hui Zou & Trevor Hastie, 2005. "Regularization and variable selection via the elastic net," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 67(2), pages 301-320.
  2. Stock J.H. & Watson M.W., 2002. "Forecasting Using Principal Components From a Large Number of Predictors," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 97, pages 1167-1179, December.
  3. Otter, Pieter W. & Jacobs, Jan P.A.M., 2006. "On information in static and dynamic factor models," CCSO Working Papers 200605, University of Groningen, CCSO Centre for Economic Research.
  4. Hallin, Marc & Liska, Roman, 2007. "Determining the Number of Factors in the General Dynamic Factor Model," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 102, pages 603-617, June.
  5. Bai, Jushan & Ng, Serena, 2007. "Determining the Number of Primitive Shocks in Factor Models," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 25, pages 52-60, January.
  6. Mario Forni & Marc Hallin & Marco Lippi & Lucrezia Reichlin, 2000. "The Generalized Dynamic-Factor Model: Identification And Estimation," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(4), pages 540-554, November.
  7. Jushan Bai & Serena Ng, 2002. "Determining the Number of Factors in Approximate Factor Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(1), pages 191-221, January.
  8. Inklaar, Robert & Jacobs, Jan & Romp, Ward, 2003. "Business cycle indexes: does a heap of data help?," CCSO Working Papers 200312, University of Groningen, CCSO Centre for Economic Research.
  9. Jushan Bai, 2003. "Inferential Theory for Factor Models of Large Dimensions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(1), pages 135-171, January.
  10. Jan Jacobs & Pieter Otter, 2008. "Determining the Number of Factors and Lag Order in Dynamic Factor Models: A Minimum Entropy Approach," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(4-6), pages 385-397.
  11. Forni, Mario & Lippi, Marco, 2000. "The Generalized Dynamic Factor Model: Representation Theory," CEPR Discussion Papers 2509, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  12. Boivin, Jean & Ng, Serena, 2006. "Are more data always better for factor analysis?," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 132(1), pages 169-194, May.
  13. Alexei Onatski, 2009. "Testing Hypotheses About the Number of Factors in Large Factor Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 77(5), pages 1447-1479, 09.
  14. Hui Zou & Trevor Hastie, 2005. "Addendum: Regularization and variable selection via the elastic net," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 67(5), pages 768-768.
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