IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/eec/wpaper/2001.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Firm Productivity Gains In A Period Of Slow Trade Liberalization: Evidence From Brazil

Author

Listed:
  • Xavier Cirera

    (The World Bank Group.)

  • Daniel Lederman

    (The World Bank Group.)

  • Juan A. Máñez Castillejo

    (University of Valencia and ERICES.)

  • María E. Rochina Barrachina

    (University of Valencia and ERICES.)

  • Juan A. Sanchis-Llopis

    (University of Valencia and ERICES.)

Abstract

Existing literature recognizes the potential roles played by trade policy and firms’ exposure to international trade as potential determinants of productivity. A strand of the literature sheds light on the effects of trade policy changes on firm-level productivity. Another, studies the relationship between trading status (exporting goods or importing intermediates, but usually not both simultaneously) and firm-level TFP dynamics. However, analyses that integrate both strands are scarce. This paper studies the effects of import tariffs (on outputs and inputs) and firms’ trade status on productivity by assessing how the impact of trade policy on firm productivity depends on firms’ trade status. The empirics use data on the Brazilian industrial sectors (manufacturing and mining firms) during 2000-2008. After estimating firm level total factor productivity (TFP) using updated methodologies, the paper estimates the impacts of both trade policy and trade status on TFP dynamics. The results suggest that trade liberalization (through reductions in input or output import tariffs) increases TFP. However, the impact of trade policy on TFP spreads among all firms, what is consistent with the existence of spillovers from trading firms to other firms or with the notion that liberalization exerts competitive pressures on all firms, regardless of their initial exposure to international trade. In addition, even after controlling for import tariffs and fluctuations of the real effective exchange rate, there is still evidence of both learning-by-exporting and learning-by-importing effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Xavier Cirera & Daniel Lederman & Juan A. Máñez Castillejo & María E. Rochina Barrachina & Juan A. Sanchis-Llopis, 2020. "Firm Productivity Gains In A Period Of Slow Trade Liberalization: Evidence From Brazil," Working Papers 2001, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.
  • Handle: RePEc:eec:wpaper:2001
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: ftp://147.156.210.157/RePEc/pdf/eec_2001.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2020
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Brazil; TFP; output/input tariffs; exporters; input importers;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eec:wpaper:2001. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Vicente Esteve). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/dsvales.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.