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Institutions for Asian Connectivity

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  • Biswa Nath Bhattacharyay

Abstract

To make Asia more economically sustainable and resilient against external shocks, regional economies need to be rebalanced toward regional demand- and trade-driven growth through increased regional connectivity. The effectiveness of connectivity depends on the quality of hard and soft infrastructure. Of particular importance in terms of soft infrastructure which makes hard infrastructure work are the facilitating institutions that support connectivity through appropriate policies, reforms, systems, and procedures and through promoting effective coordination and cooperation. Asia has many overlapping subregional institutions involved in national and regional energy, transport, and telecommunications infrastructure connectivity. However, these institutions are characterized as being less effective, informal, and lacking a clear and binding system of rules and policies. This paper draws linkages between connectivity, growth and development, governance, and institutions. It details the benefits the region could achieve by addressing needed connectivity enhancements and the connectivity and financing challenges it faces. In addition, it presents various institutional options for regional infrastructure financing. To build seamless Asian connectivity, Asia needs an effective, formal, and rules-based institutional framework. The paper presents a new institutional framework together with the organizational structures of two new regional institutional mechanisms, namely the Pan-Asian Infrastructure Forum and the Asian Infrastructure Fund.

Suggested Citation

  • Biswa Nath Bhattacharyay, 2010. "Institutions for Asian Connectivity," Governance Working Papers 21871, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:govern:21871
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. T. Sonobe & D. Hu & K. Otsuka, 2002. "Process of Cluster Formation in China: A Case Study of a Garment Town," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(1), pages 118-139.
    2. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
    3. Biswa N Bhattacharyay & Prabir De, 2009. "Restoring the Asian Silk Route: Toward an Integrated Asia," Working Papers id:2165, eSocialSciences.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Aalto, Pami, 2014. "Energy market integration and regional institutions in east Asia," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 91-100.
    2. Peter J. Rimmer, 2014. "Asian-Pacific Rim Logistics," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 12949.
    3. Libman, Alexander & Vinokurov, Evgeny, 2016. "Региональные Организации: Типы И Логика Развития
      [Regional Organizations: Typology and Development Paths]
      ," MPRA Paper 79383, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Biswa Nath Bhattacharyay, 2010. "Estimating Demand for Infrastructure in Energy, Transport, Telecommunications, Water and Sanitation in Asia and the Pacific: 2010-2020," Working Papers id:2911, eSocialSciences.
    5. Vaqar, Ahmed & Ghulam, Samad, 2011. "Trade facilitation for economic corridors in South Asia: the perspective of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 31368, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Biswa Bhattacharyay, 2012. "Seamless sustainable transport connectivity in Asia and the Pacific: prospects and challenges," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 147-189, June.
    7. Biswa N. Bhattacharyay, 2011. "Toward a Sustainable Transport Development in Asia and the Pacific," CESifo Working Paper Series 3539, CESifo Group Munich.
    8. Biswa Nath Bhattacharyay & Madhurima Bhattacharyay, 2017. "Institutional Architecture for Financing Pan-Asian Infrastructure Connectivity," CESifo Working Paper Series 6422, CESifo Group Munich.
    9. repec:wsi:jicepx:v:01:y:2010:i:02:n:s1793993310000172 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Biswa Nath Bhattacharyay, 2012. "Estimating demand for infrastructure, 2010–2020," Chapters,in: Infrastructure for Asian Connectivity, chapter 2, pages 19-79 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    11. Chin, Gregory, 2012. "Responding to the Global Financial Crisis: The Evolution of Asian Regionalism and Economic Globalization," ADBI Working Papers 343, Asian Development Bank Institute.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    connectivity; Infrastructure; Institution; linkages; Pan-Asian Infrastructure Forum; Asian Infrastructure Fund;

    JEL classification:

    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
    • R42 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government and Private Investment Analysis; Road Maintenance; Transportation Planning
    • R48 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government Pricing and Policy
    • R50 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - General
    • R51 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Finance in Urban and Rural Economies
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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