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Theorie und Empirie über den Wirkungszusammenhang zwischen sozialer Herkunft, kulturellem und sozialem Kapital, Bildung und Einkommen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

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  • Astrid Krenz

Abstract

Die vorliegende Arbeit leistet einen Beitrag zur aktuellen Bildungsdebatte und knüpft an die Theorie des Soziologen Pierre Bourdieus an: untersucht wird, ob und inwiefern die soziale Herkunft eines jungen Menschen in Deutschland sein Einkommen determiniert. Neben der Darlegung theoretischer und ökonometrischer Konzepte wird für die Jahre 2001 und 2005 für die Gesamtstichprobe bzw. für die Kohorte der 25-34 Jährigen mittels SOEP-Daten ein umfangreiches Mehrgleichungsmodell spezifiziert und geschätzt, das den vielfältigen Interdependenzen zwischen den Variablen Rechnung tragen kann. Für den deutschen Raum ist dies die erste Studie, die mit Hilfe der genannten Methodik und interdisziplinär den Transmissionsmechanismus des familiären Hintergrunds über kulturelles und soziales Kapital auf das Einkommen herausarbeitet. Es zeigt sich, dass der soziale Hintergrund mittelbar, über das erreichte Bildungsniveau, das Einkommen eines Menschen bestimmt. Die Bildung eines Individuums hängt dabei signifikant von der Bildung der Eltern, dem Berufsstatus des Vaters als Arbeiter, dem Ausmaß an kulturellem und sozialem Kapital, der Intelligenz und der Motivation ab. Des Weiteren quantifiziert diese Arbeit das Ausmaß, in dem Männer mehr als Frauen verdienen, ebenso wie Menschen in den alten Bundesländern. Auch kann gezeigt werden, dass Männer mehr Bildung beziehen als Frauen. Daraus ergeben sich zum einen für die Zukunft wichtige bildungspolitische Implikationen. Zum anderen wäre eine Sensibilisierung der Gesellschaft für die Problematik von Nöten.

Suggested Citation

  • Astrid Krenz, 2008. "Theorie und Empirie über den Wirkungszusammenhang zwischen sozialer Herkunft, kulturellem und sozialem Kapital, Bildung und Einkommen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 128, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp128
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    File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.88749.de/diw_sp0128.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:got:cegedp:108 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Krenz, Astrid, 2010. "La distinction reloaded: Returns to education, family background, cultural and social capital in Germany," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 108, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bildungsertrag; Humankapital; Einkommen; soziale Ungleichheit;

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models

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