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Theorie und Empirie über den Wirkungszusammenhang zwischen sozialer Herkunft, kulturellem und sozialem Kapital, Bildung und Einkommen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Die vorliegende Arbeit leistet einen Beitrag zur aktuellen Bildungsdebatte und knüpft an die Theorie des Soziologen Pierre Bourdieus an: untersucht wird, ob und inwiefern die soziale Herkunft eines jungen Menschen in Deutschland sein Einkommen determiniert. Neben der Darlegung theoretischer und ökonometrischer Konzepte wird für die Jahre 2001 und 2005 für die Gesamtstichprobe bzw. für die Kohorte der 25-34 Jährigen mittels SOEP-Daten ein umfangreiches Mehrgleichungsmodell spezifiziert und geschätzt, das den vielfältigen Interdependenzen zwischen den Variablen Rechnung tragen kann. Für den deutschen Raum ist dies die erste Studie, die mit Hilfe der genannten Methodik und interdisziplinär den Transmissionsmechanismus des familiären Hintergrunds über kulturelles und soziales Kapital auf das Einkommen herausarbeitet. Es zeigt sich, dass der soziale Hintergrund mittelbar, über das erreichte Bildungsniveau, das Einkommen eines Menschen bestimmt. Die Bildung eines Individuums hängt dabei signifikant von der Bildung der Eltern, dem Berufsstatus des Vaters als Arbeiter, dem Ausmaß an kulturellem und sozialem Kapital, der Intelligenz und der Motivation ab. Des Weiteren quantifiziert diese Arbeit das Ausmaß, in dem Männer mehr als Frauen verdienen, ebenso wie Menschen in den alten Bundesländern. Auch kann gezeigt werden, dass Männer mehr Bildung beziehen als Frauen. Daraus ergeben sich zum einen für die Zukunft wichtige bildungspolitische Implikationen. Zum anderen wäre eine Sensibilisierung der Gesellschaft für die Problematik von Nöten.

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Paper provided by DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) in its series SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research with number 128.

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Length: 56 p.
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp128
Contact details of provider: Postal: Mohrenstraße 58, D-10117 Berlin
Phone: xx49-30-89789-671
Fax: xx49-30-89789-109
Web page: http://www.diw.de/en/soep
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  1. Ichino, Andrea & Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf, 1999. "Lower and upper bounds of returns to schooling: An exercise in IV estimation with different instruments," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(4-6), pages 889-901, April.
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    • Stephen A. Woodbury, 2009. "Unemployment," Chapters, in: Labor and Employment Law and Economics, chapter 17 Edward Elgar.
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  4. Neumark, David, 1999. "Biases in twin estimates of the return to schooling," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 143-148, April.
  5. Barry R. Chiswick & Paul W. Miller, 1999. "Immigrant Earnings: Language Skills, Linguistic Concentrations and the Business Cycle," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 152, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
  6. David Card, 1994. "Earnings, Schooling, and Ability Revisited," NBER Working Papers 4832, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Hause, John C, 1972. "Earnings Profile: Ability and Schooling," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(3), pages S108-S38, Part II, .
  8. Kling, Jeffrey R, 2001. "Interpreting Instrumental Variables Estimates of the Returns to Schooling," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 19(3), pages 358-64, July.
  9. Bernt Bratsberg & James F. Ragan Jr., 2002. "The Impact of Host-Country Schooling on Earnings: A Study of Male Immigrants in the United States," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 37(1), pages 63-105.
  10. Murnane, Richard J & Maynard, Rebecca A & Ohls, James C, 1981. "Home Resources and Children's Achievement," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 63(3), pages 369-77, August.
  11. Orley Ashenfelter & Alan Krueger, 1992. "Estimates of the Economic Return to Schooling from a New Sample of Twins," Working Papers 683, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  12. Armitage, Jane & Sabot, Richard, 1987. "Socioeconomic Background and the Returns to Schooling in Two Low-income Economies," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 54(213), pages 103-08, February.
  13. Ermisch, John & Francesconi, Marco, 2001. "Family Matters: Impacts of Family Background on Educational Attainments," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 68(270), pages 137-56, May.
  14. Papanicolaou, John & Psacharopoulos, George, 1979. "Socioeconomic Background, Schooling and Monetary Rewards in the United Kingdom," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 46(184), pages 435-39, November.
  15. Gary S. Becker, 1962. "Investment in Human Capital: A Theoretical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 9.
  16. Tobias, Justin, 2001. "Are Returns to Schooling Concentrated Among the Most Able? A Semiparametric Analysis of the Ability-Earnings Relationships," Staff General Research Papers 12016, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  17. Card, David, 2001. "Estimating the Return to Schooling: Progress on Some Persistent Econometric Problems," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 69(5), pages 1127-60, September.
  18. Card, David, 1999. "The causal effect of education on earnings," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 30, pages 1801-1863 Elsevier.
  19. Rouse, Cecilia Elena, 1999. "Further estimates of the economic return to schooling from a new sample of twins," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 149-157, April.
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  21. Dearden, Lorraine, 1999. "The effects of families and ability on men's education and earnings in Britain1," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 551-567, November.
  22. Orley Ashenfelter & Cecilia Rouse, 1998. "Income, Schooling, And Ability: Evidence From A New Sample Of Identical Twins," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 113(1), pages 253-284, February.
  23. Chiswick, Barry R, 1978. "The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-born Men," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(5), pages 897-921, October.
  24. John Shea, 1997. "Does Parents' Money Matter?," NBER Working Papers 6026, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  25. Patrinos, Harry Anthony, 1995. "Socioeconomic background, schooling, experience, ability and monetary rewards in Greece," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 85-91, March.
  26. Behrman, Jere R. & Rosenzweig, Mark R., 1999. ""Ability" biases in schooling returns and twins: a test and new estimates," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 159-167, April.
  27. Hurst, Michael E. & Chiswick, Barry R., 2000. "The Employment, Unemployment and Unemployment Compensation Benefits of Immigrants," IZA Discussion Papers 129, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  28. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521793100 is not listed on IDEAS
  29. Cohn, Elchanan & Kiker, B F, 1986. "Socioeconomic Background, Schooling, Experience and Monetary Rewards in the United States," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 53(212), pages 497-503, November.
  30. Orley Ashenfelter & David J. Zimmerman, 1997. "Estimates Of The Returns To Schooling From Sibling Data: Fathers, Sons, And Brothers," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 79(1), pages 1-9, February.
  31. Schnabel, Reinhold & Schnabel, Isabel, 2002. "Family and gender still matter: the heterogeneity of returns to education in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 02-67, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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