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Exactly Distribution-free Inference in Instrumental Variables Regression with Possibly Weak Instruments

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Abstract

This paper introduces a rank-based test for the instrumental variables regression model that dominates the Anderson-Rubin test in terms of finite sample size and asymptotic power in certain circumstances. The test has correct size for any distribution of the errors with weak or strong instruments. The test has noticeably higher power than the Anderson-Rubin test when the error distribution has thick tails and comparable power otherwise. Like the Anderson-Rubin test, the rank tests considered here perform best, relative to other available tests, in exactly-identified models.

Suggested Citation

  • Donald W.K. Andrews & Vadim Marmer, 2005. "Exactly Distribution-free Inference in Instrumental Variables Regression with Possibly Weak Instruments," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1501, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  • Handle: RePEc:cwl:cwldpp:1501
    Note: CFP 1253.
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    Cited by:

    1. Andrews, Donald W.K. & Marmer, Vadim, 2008. "Exactly distribution-free inference in instrumental variables regression with possibly weak instruments," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 142(1), pages 183-200, January.
    2. Nicholas Bloom & Benn Eifert & Aprajit Mahajan & David McKenzie & John Roberts, 2013. "Does Management Matter? Evidence from India," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 128(1), pages 1-51.
    3. Donald W.K. Andrews & James H. Stock, 2005. "Inference with Weak Instruments," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1530, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    4. Cattaneo, Matias D. & Crump, Richard K. & Jansson, Michael, 2012. "Optimal inference for instrumental variables regression with non-Gaussian errors," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 167(1), pages 1-15.
    5. Joel L. Horowitz, 2018. "Non-Asymptotic Inference in Instrumental Variables Estimation," Papers 1809.03600, arXiv.org.
    6. Aviv Nevo & Adam M. Rosen, 2012. "Identification With Imperfect Instruments," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 94(3), pages 659-671, August.
    7. Purevdorj Tuvaandorj, 2021. "Robust Permutation Tests in Linear Instrumental Variables Regression," Papers 2111.13774, arXiv.org.
    8. Guggenberger, Patrik & Smith, Richard J., 2008. "Generalized empirical likelihood tests in time series models with potential identification failure," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 142(1), pages 134-161, January.
    9. Joel L. Horowitz, 2017. "Non-asymptotic inference in instrumental variables estimation," CeMMAP working papers CWP46/17, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    10. Elise Coudin & Jean-Marie Dufour, 2010. "Finite and Large Sample Distribution-Free Inference in Median Regressions with Instrumental Variables," Working Papers 2010-56, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    11. Leandro M. Magnusson & Sophocles Mavroeidis, 2014. "Identification Using Stability Restrictions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 82(5), pages 1799-1851, September.
    12. Horowitz, Joel L., 2021. "Bounding the difference between true and nominal rejection probabilities in tests of hypotheses about instrumental variables models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 222(2), pages 1057-1082.
    13. Joel L. Horowitz, 2018. "Non-asymptotic inference in instrumental variables estimation," CeMMAP working papers CWP52/18, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    14. Kazuhiko Hayakawa, 2006. "Efficient GMM Estimation of Dynamic Panel Data Models Where Large Heterogeneity May Be Present," Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series d05-130, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    15. Guggenberger, Patrik & Ramalho, Joaquim J.S. & Smith, Richard J., 2012. "GEL statistics under weak identification," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 170(2), pages 331-349.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Aligned ranks; Anderson-Rubin statistic; categorical covariates; exact size; normal scores; rank test; weak instruments; Wilcoxon scores;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General

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