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Are financial cooperatives crowded out by commercial banks in the process of financial sector development?

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  • Anaïs Périlleux

    () (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Centre Interdisciplinaire de Recherche Travail, État et Société (CIRTES), Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) and CERMi)

  • Annabel Vanroose

    () (Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB), CERMi and Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB))

  • Bert D’Espallier

    () (KU LEUVEN, CERMi)

Abstract

This paper investigates whether financial cooperatives are crowded out by commercial banks in the process of financial sector development. We use a self-constructed database (1990-2011) of financial cooperatives in 55 developing countries. Our empirical results are threefold. First, financial cooperatives tend to reach more members in countries where the commercial banking sector is weak. This validates their role as a market failure solution. Second, in the process of commercial bank expansion, financial cooperatives run the risk of being crowded out. Third, financial cooperatives seem to benefit from some kind of bank presence, especially as far as savings mobilization is concerned.

Suggested Citation

  • Anaïs Périlleux & Annabel Vanroose & Bert D’Espallier, 2016. "Are financial cooperatives crowded out by commercial banks in the process of financial sector development?," LIDAM Discussion Papers IRES 2016001, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvir:2016001
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    Cited by:

    1. Suesse, Marvin & Wolf, Nikolaus, 2020. "Rural transformation, inequality, and the origins of microfinance," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 143(C).
    2. Király, Júlia, 2016. "A magyar bankrendszer tulajdonosi struktúrájának átalakulása [Transformation of the ownership structure of the Hungarian banking system]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(7), pages 725-761.
    3. Simon Cornée & Panu Kalmi & Ariane Szafarz, 2020. "The Business Model of Social Banks," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 73(2), pages 196-226, May.
    4. Amr Khafagy, 2018. "Regulation, supervision and deposit insurance for financial cooperatives: an empirical investigation," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 143-193, May.
    5. Donou-Adonsou, Ficawoyi & Sylwester, Kevin, 2017. "Growth effect of banks and microfinance: Evidence from developing countries," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 44-56.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial cooperatives; Microfinance; Competition; Crowding out; Financial Sector Development;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • L31 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Nonprofit Institutions; NGOs; Social Entrepreneurship
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • P13 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Cooperative Enterprises

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