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The Changing Role of Banks in the Financial System: Social versus Conventional Banks

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  • Simon Cornée
  • Anastasia Cozarenco
  • Ariane Szafarz

Abstract

Social banks have emerged as a new group of banks that call themselves as “alternative”, “ethical”, “sustainable”, and “value-based”. Their small market share increases at a rapid pace and is still expected to grow in the future. Social banks are institutions with both (at least some) activities of financial intermediation and one or several non-financial missions, typically based on environmental and social values. By unpacking the observable, real-life differences between social banks and conventional banks, this chapter paves the way to theorizing the multidimensional characteristics of social banks within the global banking industry. Business models, governance issues, lending technologies; and social outcomes appear to be key aspects to understand how innovative, value-based, social banks work and how they might one day substantively affect mainstream banking business.

Suggested Citation

  • Simon Cornée & Anastasia Cozarenco & Ariane Szafarz, 2022. "The Changing Role of Banks in the Financial System: Social versus Conventional Banks," Working Papers CEB 22-002, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Handle: RePEc:sol:wpaper:2013/340134
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Social Banks; Ethical Banks; Social Mission; Financial Cooperatives; Microcredit;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • B55 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Social Economics
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • H81 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - Governmental Loans; Loan Guarantees; Credits; Grants; Bailouts

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