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A New Light into Regional Unemployment Disparities in Belgium : Longitudinal Analysis of Grouped Duration Data

Author

Listed:
  • Muriel Dejemeppe

    (FNRS - Belgium and IRES, UCL - Belgium)

  • Yves Saks

Abstract

In this paper, we invesitgate whether the diverging evolution of unemployment in the two main regions of Belgium, Flanders and Wallonia, is driven by different evolutions in their average unemployment duration and/or their unemployment incidence. To that purpose, we proceed in two stages. In the first stage, we estimate a mixed proportional hazard model by region, and decompose variations in the aggregate outflow rate over calendar time between a general effect, i.e. changes in the exit rate of all currently unemployed, and a composition effect, i.e. fluctuations in the average quality of entrants. We also specify a non-proportional model to check whether the general effects is the same for unemployed workers with different schooling levels and sub-region of living, in each region. In the second stage, we decompose variations of the unemployment stock in Flanders and Wallonia into an incidence effect and the duration effect estimated in the first stage. We base our analysis on yearly exit probabilities of male workers aged 25-44 and flowing into unemployment in June, each year from 1972 to 1992. The use of aggregate data covering 21 years and stratified by a set of relevant characteristics allow us to control for changes in the inflow composition without relying (completely) on functional form assumptions.

Suggested Citation

  • Muriel Dejemeppe & Yves Saks, 2002. "A New Light into Regional Unemployment Disparities in Belgium : Longitudinal Analysis of Grouped Duration Data," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2002019, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvir:2002019
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    File URL: http://sites.uclouvain.be/econ/DP/IRES/2002-19.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Bruno, VAN DER LINDEN, 2003. "Unemployment insurance and training in an equilibrium matching model with heterogeneous agents," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2003001, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    2. Muriel Dejemeppe & Bart Cockx, 2005. "Duration dependence in the exit rate out of unemployment in Belgium. Is it true or spurious?," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(1), pages 1-23.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Unemployment duration; unemployment incidence; business cycle; composition effect;

    JEL classification:

    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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