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Income Distribution and Housing Prices: An Assignment Model Approach

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  • Määttänen, Niku
  • Terviö, Marko

Abstract

We present a framework for studying the relation between the distribution of income and the distribution of housing prices that is based on an assignment model of households with heterogeneous incomes and houses of heterogeneous quality. The equilibrium distribution of prices depends on both distributions in a tractable but nontrivial manner. We infer the unobserved distribution of quality from the joint distribution of income and housing prices, and use it to generate counterfactual price distributions under counterfactual income distributions. We apply the model to estimate the impact of recently increased income inequality on the distribution of house prices in 6 US metropolitan regions. We fin that the recent increase in income inequality caused average house prices to be lower. The impact of uneven income growth on house prices has been positive only within the top decile.

Suggested Citation

  • Määttänen, Niku & Terviö, Marko, 2010. "Income Distribution and Housing Prices: An Assignment Model Approach," CEPR Discussion Papers 7945, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:7945
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    Cited by:

    1. Nicodemo, Catia & Raya, Josep Maria, 2012. "Change in the distribution of house prices across Spanish cities," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(4), pages 739-748.
    2. Karolien De Bruyne & Jan Van Hove, 2013. "Explaining the spatial variation in housing prices: an economic geography approach," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(13), pages 1673-1689, May.
    3. Gaign�, Carl & Koster, Hans R.A. & Moizeau, Fabien & Thisse, Jacques-Fran�ois, 2017. "Amenities and the Social Structure of Cities," CEPR Discussion Papers 11958, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Takaaki Ohnishi & Takayuki Mizuno & Chihiro Shimizu & Tsutomu Watanabe, 2012. "Detecting Real Estate Bubbles: A New Approach Based on the Cross-Sectional Dispersion of Property Prices," UTokyo Price Project Working Paper Series 006, University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Economics, revised Apr 2013.
    5. Morten Olsen & Joshua Gottlieb & David Hemous & Jeffrey Clemens, 2017. "The Spill-over Effects of Top Income Inequality," 2017 Meeting Papers 332, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    6. Thomas Goda & Chris Stewart & Alejandro Torres García, 2016. "Absolute Income Inequality and Rising House Prices," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO CIEF 015247, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT.
    7. Andrea Eisfeldt & Andrew Demers, 2015. "Total Returns to Single Family Rentals," NBER Working Papers 21804, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Duranton, Gilles & Puga, Diego, 2015. "Urban Land Use," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    assignment models; housing prices; income distribution;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand

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