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Reducing Agriculture Tariffs Versus Domestic Support: What's More Important for Developing Countries?

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  • Hoekman, Bernard
  • Ng, Francis
  • Olarreaga, Marcelo

Abstract

High levels of protection and domestic support for farmers in developed countries significantly affect many least developed countries (LDCs), both directly and through the price-depressing effect of agricultural support policies. High tariffs and domestic support may also lower the world price of agricultural products, benefiting net importers. This Paper assesses the impact of reducing these distortionary policies for a sample of 119 countries. We find significant differences in the impact of a 50 percent cut in tariffs and a 50 cut in domestic support for LDCs as compared to non-LDC developing countries. However, for both groups of countries tariff reductions have a much greater positive effect on exports and welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Hoekman, Bernard & Ng, Francis & Olarreaga, Marcelo, 2002. "Reducing Agriculture Tariffs Versus Domestic Support: What's More Important for Developing Countries?," CEPR Discussion Papers 3576, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:3576
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Paul Brenton & Miriam Manchin, 2003. "Making EU Trade Agreements Work: The Role of Rules of Origin," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(5), pages 755-769, May.
    2. Hoekman, Bernard, 2002. "Strengthening the global trade architecture for development," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2757, The World Bank.
    3. Hoekman, Bernard, 2002. "Strengthening the global trade architecture for development: the post Doha agenda," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 1(1), pages 23-45, March.
    4. Aaditya Mattoo & Devesh Roy & Arvind Subramanian, 2003. "The Africa Growth and Opportunity Act and its Rules of Origin: Generosity Undermined?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(6), pages 829-851, June.
    5. Hoekman, Bernard & Ng, Francis & Olarreaga, Marcelo, 2001. "Tariff Peaks in the Quad and Least Developed Country Exports," CEPR Discussion Papers 2747, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Joachim Zietz, 1986. "The potential benefits to LDCs of trade liberalization in beef and sugar by industrialized countries," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 122(1), pages 93-112, March.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Porto, Guido G., 2003. "Trade reforms, market access, and poverty in Argentina," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3135, The World Bank.
    2. Bernard Hoekman & David Vines, 2007. "Multilateral trade cooperation: what next?," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(3), pages 311-334, Autumn.
    3. Margaret S. McMillan & Alix Peterson Zwane & Nava Ashraf, 2007. "My Policies or Yours: Does OECD Support for Agriculture Increase Poverty in Developing Countries?," NBER Chapters, in: Globalization and Poverty, pages 183-240, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Lionel Fontagné, 2003. "Market Access and Domestic Support Measures," CESifo Forum, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 4(3), pages 3-10, October.
    5. Stephen Tokarick, 2005. "Who Bears the Cost of Agricultural Support in OECD Countries?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(4), pages 573-593, April.
    6. Samiul Haque & Kenneth A. Foster & Roman Keeney & Kathryn A. Boys & Badri G. Narayanan, 2019. "Output and input bias effects of U.S. direct payments," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 50(2), pages 229-236, March.
    7. BOUËT Antoine & BUREAU Jean-Christophe & DECREUX Yvan & JEAN Sébastien, 2010. "Is Northern Agricultural Liberalization Beneficial to Developing Countries?," EcoMod2003 330700021, EcoMod.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    agriculture trade; developing countries; subsidies; tariffs; trade negotiations; WTO;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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