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Fiscal Stabilization Policy in a Monetary Union with Inflation Targeting

  • Andersen, Torben M
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    The interaction between a common monetary policy targeting inflation and decentralized fiscal policies aiming at output stability is considered in a setting taking into account interdependencies between countries running via trade links and the common monetary policy. The setting is sufficiently general to capture various effects of fiscal policy, and to allow for both demand and supply shocks, which can be either aggregate or idiosyncratic. It is shown that a policy mix problem arises between the common monetary policy and the decentralized fiscal policy, which results in an inappropriate stabilization of shocks. In the case of aggregate shocks the inefficiency in responding to shocks is increasing in the number of member countries, while it is decreasing in the case of idiosyncratic shocks. Numerical illustrations show that the cost of non-cooperative fiscal policies can be large in the case of aggregate shocks, while they are small in the case of idiosyncratic shocks, provided that fiscal policy can be flexibly adjusted to cope with idiosyncratic shocks.

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    Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 3232.

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    Date of creation: Feb 2002
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    Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:3232
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    1. Beetsma, Roel & Bovenberg, A Lans, 1995. "Does Monetary Unification Lead to Excessive Debt Accumulation?," CEPR Discussion Papers 1299, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Roel Beetsma & Xavier Debrun & Frank Klaassen, 2001. "Is Fiscal Policy Coordination in EMU Desirable?," CESifo Working Paper Series 599, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Svensson, Lars E O, 1997. "Optimal Inflation Targets, "Conservative" Central Banks, and Linear Inflation Contracts," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(1), pages 98-114, March.
    4. Beetsma, Roel M. W. J. & Lans Bovenberg, A., 1998. "Monetary union without fiscal coordination may discipline policymakers," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 239-258, August.
    5. Dixit, Avinash, 2001. "Games of monetary and fiscal interactions in the EMU," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(4-6), pages 589-613, May.
    6. Leitemo, Kai, 2004. "A game between the fiscal and the monetary authorities under inflation targeting," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 709-724, September.
    7. Dixon, Huw, 1987. "A Simple Model of Imperfect Competition with Walrasian Features," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 39(1), pages 134-60, March.
    8. Taylor, John B., 1999. "Staggered price and wage setting in macroeconomics," Handbook of Macroeconomics, in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 15, pages 1009-1050 Elsevier.
    9. King, R.G. & Baxter, M., 1990. "Fiscal Policy In General Equilibrium," RCER Working Papers 244, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
    10. Cooper, Richard N., 1985. "Economic interdependence and coordination of economic policies," Handbook of International Economics, in: R. W. Jones & P. B. Kenen (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 23, pages 1195-1234 Elsevier.
    11. Laurence M. Ball, 1999. "Policy Rules for Open Economies," NBER Chapters, in: Monetary Policy Rules, pages 127-156 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Torben Andersen, 2001. "European Integration - A Downward Bias in Employment Policies?," CESifo Working Paper Series 574, CESifo Group Munich.
    13. Andersen, Torben M. & Spange, Morten, 2006. "International interdependencies in fiscal stabilization policies," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 50(5), pages 1169-1195, July.
    14. Dixit, Avinash & Lambertini, Luisa, 2001. "Monetary-fiscal policy interactions and commitment versus discretion in a monetary union," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(4-6), pages 977-987, May.
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