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Disease Control and Inequality Reduction: Evidence from a Tuberculosis Testing and Vaccination Program

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  • Butikofer, Aline
  • Salvanes, Kjell G

Abstract

This paper examines the economic impact of a tuberculosis control program launched in Norway in 1948. In the 1940s, Norway had one of the highest tuberculosis infection rates in Europe, affecting about 85 percent of the inhabitants. To lower the disease burden, the Norwegian government launched a large-scale tuberculosis testing and vaccination campaign that substantially reduced tuberculosis infection rates among children. We find that cohorts in school during and after the campaign in municipalities with high tuberculosis prevalence gained more in terms of education, earnings, longevity, and height following this public health intervention. Furthermore, the gains from the disease control program are not limited to the initially treated cohorts but also affect their children. The results also suggest that individuals from a low socioeconomic background benefited more from the intervention and we present new evidence that a narrowing of the gap in childhood health can lead to a reduction in socioeconomic inequalities in adulthood.

Suggested Citation

  • Butikofer, Aline & Salvanes, Kjell G, 2018. "Disease Control and Inequality Reduction: Evidence from a Tuberculosis Testing and Vaccination Program," CEPR Discussion Papers 13061, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:13061
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gabriella Conti & Giacomo Mason & Stavros Poupakis, 2019. "Developmental origins of health inequality," IFS Working Papers W19/17, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    2. Corey White, 2018. "Measuring the Social and Externality Benefits of Influenza Vaccination," Working Papers 1803, California Polytechnic State University, Department of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    education; Health programs; inequality; Tuberculosis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality

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