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Real Interest Rates and Central Bank Operating Procedures

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  • Canzoneri, Matthew B
  • Dellas, Harris

Abstract

In the years following the influential article of Poole (1970), many central banks reoriented their operating procedures to focus more on interest rates and less on monetary aggregates. The rapid restructuring of global financial markets was thought to have led to instability in standard monetary relationships, and Poole's basic insight suggested that a central bank would have better control of the price level if it targeted nominal interest rates instead of monetary aggregates. At the same time, there is a common perception that real interest rates have risen. This paper uses general equilibrium models to suggest that the switch in operating procedures may have caused a bias towards higher real interest rates and (rather perversely) less stable prices. Our model calibrations imply that US real interest rates might be 50 to 100 basis points lower, and prices might be 30-40% more stable, if the Fed switched its focus away from the nominal interest rate and targeted M1 instead. (These estimates assume a coefficient of relative risk aversion between 2.5 and 3.5.) Nominal income targeting would be a good compromise.

Suggested Citation

  • Canzoneri, Matthew B & Dellas, Harris, 1995. "Real Interest Rates and Central Bank Operating Procedures," CEPR Discussion Papers 1099, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1099
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hromcova, Jana, 2003. "Money and growth in a cash-in-advance economy with costly credit," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 1113-1136, December.
    2. Padrini, Flavio, 2002. "Velocity innovations, financial markets, and the real economy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 521-532, April.
    3. Harris Dellas & Kevin D. Salyer, 2003. "Some Fiscal Implications of Monetary Policy," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(1), pages 21-36, January.
    4. Woon Gyu Choi & Michael B. Devereux, 2006. "Asymmetric Effects of Government Spending: Does the Level of Real Interest Rates Matter?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 53(si), pages 1-8.
    5. Gulbin Sahinbeyoglu, 2001. "Monetary Transmission Mechanism : A View From A High Inflationary Environment," Discussion Papers 0101, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
    6. Newby, Elisa, 2012. "The suspension of the gold standard as sustainable monetary policy," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 1498-1519.
    7. Peter Smith, 2010. "Discussion of the Fisher Effect Puzzle: A Case of Non-Linear Relationship," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 21(1), pages 105-108, February.
    8. H. Dellas, 2011. "Poole Revisited," Review of Business and Economic Literature, Intersentia, vol. 56(4), pages 405-426, December.
    9. Richard H. Clarida, 2013. "Hot Tip: Nominal Exchange Rates and Inflation Indexed Bond Yields," NBER Working Papers 18726, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Hromcova, Jana, 1998. "A note on income velocity of money in a cash-in-advance economy with capital," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 91-96, July.
    11. Elisa Newby, 2007. "The Suspension of Cash Payments as a Monetary Regime," CDMA Working Paper Series 200707, Centre for Dynamic Macroeconomic Analysis.
    12. Jana Hromcová, 2004. "On The Income Velocity Of Money In A Cash-In-Advance Economy With Capital," Working Papers. Serie AD 2004-21, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    13. Flavio Padrini, 1997. "Efficiency Of The Payments System, Velocity Of Circulation Of Money, And Financial Markets," Macroeconomics 9706004, EconWPA.
    14. Jordi Caballé & Jana Hromcová, 2011. "The Role of Central Bank Operating Procedures in an Economy with Productive Government Spending," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 37(1), pages 39-65, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Price Stability; Real Interest Rates; Risk Premium; Targeting Procedures;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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