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Teacher quality and student achievement: Evidence from a Dutch sample of twins

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  • Sander Gerritsen
  • Erik Plug
  • Dinand Webbink

Abstract

This paper examines the causal link that runs from classroom quality to student achievement using data on twin pairs who entered the same school but were allocated to different classrooms in an exogenous way. In particular, we apply twin fixed-effects estimation to assess the effect of teacher quality on student test scores from second through eighth grade, arguing that a change in teacher quality is probably the most important classroom intervention within a twin context. In a series of estimations using measurable teacher characteristics, we find that: (a) the test performance of all students improve with teacher experience; (b) teacher experience also matters for student performance after the initial years in the profession; (c) the teacher experience effect is most prominent in earlier grades; (d) the teacher experience effects are robust to the inclusion of other classroom quality measures, such as peer group composition and class size; and (e) an increase in teacher experience also matters for career stages with less labor-market mobility which suggests positive returns to on the job training of teachers.

Suggested Citation

  • Sander Gerritsen & Erik Plug & Dinand Webbink, 2014. "Teacher quality and student achievement: Evidence from a Dutch sample of twins," CPB Discussion Paper 294, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpb:discus:294
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Marc van der Steeg & Roel van Elk, 2015. "The effect of schooling vouchers on higher education enrollment and completion of teachers: A regression discontinuity analysis," CPB Discussion Paper 305.rdf, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    2. Marc van der Steeg & Roel van Elk, 2015. "The effect of schooling vouchers on higher education enrollment and completion of teachers: A regression discontinuity analysis," CPB Discussion Paper 305, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • J4 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets

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