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CONVERGENCIA REGIONAL EN COLOMBIA: un enfoque en los Agregados Monetarios y en el Sector Exportador

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  • Carolina Gómez Cuenca

Abstract

Resumen: La Convergencia Económica -si las economías son similares- es el crecimiento más rápido de las regiones pobres comparadas con el de las ricas debido a los rendimientos decrecientes del capital; pero, si son heterogéneas, la Convergencia seria la tendencia de una economía a su propio equilibrio a partir de considerar los determinantes de su crecimiento. El estudio analiza la hipótesis de Convergencia en el PIB per cápita para 1960-2000 entre las regiones colombianas con el enfoque tradicional de Barro y Sala-I-Martín. La hipótesis se evalúa además con el enfoque de Quah a nivel de PIB per cápita y de Agregados Monetarios regionales, para el mismo periodo. En el PIB se halla evidencia de Convergencia condicional y Coalición entre regiones en los setenta y ochenta; y en el agregado monetario, marcada Coalición y Estratificación. ------------------------------------------------------------------ Abstract: The Convergence Economic implies, if the economies are homogenous, that poor regions tend to grow faster than rich ones as a result of decreasing returns of capital; but if the economies are heterogeneous the Convergence implies that an economy approaches to its own steady state by considering the growth´s determinants. This Paper studies the Convergence in the GDP per capita, in 1960-2000, between colombian regions using the traditional method proposed by Barro and Sala-I-Martín. The regional Convergence in the GDP per capita and in monetary supply, in the same period, is also evaluated across the new method proposed by Quah. For GDP there is evidence of conditional Convergence and Coalition between regions in seventies and eighties; and in Monetary Supply, evident Coalition and Stratification.

Suggested Citation

  • Carolina Gómez Cuenca, 2006. "CONVERGENCIA REGIONAL EN COLOMBIA: un enfoque en los Agregados Monetarios y en el Sector Exportador," Ensayos Sobre Economía Regional (ESER) 002201, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000103:002201
    DOI: 10.32468/eser.45
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. García Callejas, Danny, 2011. "Per Capita GDP Convergence in South America, 1960-2007," Borradores Departamento de Economía 008983, Universidad de Antioquia - CIE.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Crecimiento Regional; Convergencia; Agregados Monetarios; Esportaciones;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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