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Impacto del Programa Computadores para Educar" en la deserción estudiantil, el logro escolar y el ingreso a la educación superior"

  • Catherine Rodríguez Orgales

    ()

  • Fabio Sánchez Torres

    ()

  • Juliana Márquez Zúñiga

    ()

Utilizando información individual de estudiantes que asisten a las escuelas oficiales este documento examina el impacto del programa Computadores para Educar (CPE) en varios resultados educativos. Este programa otorga computadores a las escuelas beneficiadas y brinda entrenamiento a los maestros de estas para el uso de las Tecnologías de la Información en la pedagogía y el aprendizaje. Específicamente, se analiza el impacto del programa en la tasa de deserción, el logro escolar -medido a través del puntaje estandarizado en la prueba de Estado Colombiano SABER11 (Examen ICFES)- y en el ingreso a la educación superior. Los resultados indican que el programa CPE disminuye la tasa de deserción, incrementa los puntajes de las pruebas estandarizadas y aumenta la probabilidad de ingresar a la educación superior. Además, se encontró que entre más tiempo lleve la escuela como beneficiaria del programa los efectos sobre las variables mencionadas son mayores. Los resultados son robustos frente a distintas especificaciones y grupos de control y se mantienen al utilizar variables instrumentales para corregir problemas de posible autoselección de las escuelas o de variables omitida.

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File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2011-15.pdf
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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 008744.

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Length: 65
Date of creation: 28 Mar 2011
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Handle: RePEc:col:000089:008744
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  1. Thomas Fuchs & Ludger Wossmann, 2004. "Computers and student learning: bivariate and multivariate evidence on the availability and use of computers at home and at school," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 47(3-4), pages 359-386.
  2. Abhijit V. Banerjee & Shawn Cole & Esther Duflo & Leigh Linden, 2007. "Remedying Education: Evidence from Two Randomized Experiments in India," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 122(3), pages 1235-1264, 08.
  3. Joshua Angrist & Victor Lavy, 1999. "New Evidence on Classroom Computers and Pupil Learning," NBER Working Papers 7424, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Alderman, Harold, et al, 1996. "The Returns to Endogenous Human Capital in Pakistan's Rural Wage Labour Market," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 58(1), pages 29-55, February.
  5. Lisa Barrow & Lisa Markham & Cecilia Elena Rouse, 2007. "Technology’s edge: the educational benefits of computer-aided instruction," Working Paper Series WP-07-17, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  6. Stephen Machin & Sandra McNally & Olmo Silva, 2006. "New technology in schools: is there a payoff?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 3652, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  7. Austan Goolsbee & Jonathan Guryan, 2002. "The Impact of Internet Subsidies in Public Schools," NBER Working Papers 9090, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Borghans, Lex & ter Weel, Bas, 2004. "Are computer skills the new basic skills? The returns to computer, writing and math skills in Britain," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 85-98, February.
  9. Barrera-Osorio, Felipe & Linden, Leigh L., 2009. "The use and misuse of computers in education : evidence from a randomized experiment in Colombia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4836, The World Bank.
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