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Impacto del Programa Computadores para Educar" en la deserción estudiantil, el logro escolar y el ingreso a la educación superior"

Author

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  • Catherine Rodríguez Orgales
  • Fabio Sánchez Torres
  • Juliana Márquez Zúñiga

Abstract

Utilizando información individual de estudiantes que asisten a las escuelas oficiales este documento examina el impacto del programa Computadores para Educar (CPE) en varios resultados educativos. Este programa otorga computadores a las escuelas beneficiadas y brinda entrenamiento a los maestros de estas para el uso de las Tecnologías de la Información en la pedagogía y el aprendizaje. Específicamente, se analiza el impacto del programa en la tasa de deserción, el logro escolar -medido a través del puntaje estandarizado en la prueba de Estado Colombiano SABER11 (Examen ICFES)- y en el ingreso a la educación superior. Los resultados indican que el programa CPE disminuye la tasa de deserción, incrementa los puntajes de las pruebas estandarizadas y aumenta la probabilidad de ingresar a la educación superior. Además, se encontró que entre más tiempo lleve la escuela como beneficiaria del programa los efectos sobre las variables mencionadas son mayores. Los resultados son robustos frente a distintas especificaciones y grupos de control y se mantienen al utilizar variables instrumentales para corregir problemas de posible autoselección de las escuelas o de variables omitida.

Suggested Citation

  • Catherine Rodríguez Orgales & Fabio Sánchez Torres & Juliana Márquez Zúñiga, 2011. "Impacto del Programa Computadores para Educar" en la deserción estudiantil, el logro escolar y el ingreso a la educación superior"," Documentos CEDE 008744, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:008744
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Felipe Barrera-Osorio & Darío Maldonado & Catherine Rodríguez, 2012. "Calidad de la Educación Básica y Media en Colombia: Diagnóstico y Propuestas," Documentos CEDE 010321, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Computadores para Educar; deserción; calidad de la educación; TICs eneducación; educación superior.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • H43 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Project Evaluation; Social Discount Rate

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