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Equilibrium Unemployment and Credit Market Imperfections: The Critical Role of Labour Mobility

Listed author(s):
  • Erkki Koskela
  • Rune Stenbacka
Registered author(s):

    We investigate the interaction between labour and credit market imperfections for the determination of equilibrium unemployment within the framework of the "right-tomanage" approach. Our analysis highlights the critical role of labour mobility for the evaluation of the employment implications of intensified credit market competition. Without labour mobility increased bargaining power of banks will have adverse employment effects. However, with a labour force mobile across industries this relationship is frequently reversed if firms adopt profit sharing schemes. If employment at a fixed wage complements unemployment benefits to constitute the trade union's relevant outside option, intensified credit market competition will increase equilibrium unemployment. This relationship is shown to hold also for cases where the outside option incorporates profit sharing schemes as long as the labour market imperfections – measured by the relative bargaining power of the trade unions - are sufficiently strong.

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    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/DocBase_Content/WP/WP-CESifo_Working_Papers/wp-cesifo-2002/wp-cesifo-2002-01/654.PDF
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    Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 654.

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    Date of creation: 2002
    Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_654
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    1. Oliver Hart, 2006. "Different approaches to bankruptcy," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 4(1), pages 3-8, 04.
    2. Nickell, S. & Layard, R., 1997. "Labour Market Institutions and Economic Performance," Papers 23, Centre for Economic Performance & Institute of Economics.
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    4. Wasmer, Etienne & Weil, Philippe, 2002. "The Macroeconomics of Labour and Credit Market Imperfections," CEPR Discussion Papers 3334, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    7. Funke, Michael & Maurer, Wolf & Strulik, Holger, 1999. " Capital Structure and Labour Demand: Investigations Using German Micro Data," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(2), pages 199-215, May.
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    16. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 1991. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198284345, December.
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