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Measurement and Determinants of Access to Loans

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  • Christa Hainz

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  • Tatjana Nabokin

Abstract

Measuring and identifying financial constraints represents an important challenge in empirical studies. Due to data limitations perception-based indicators or approximations of access to finance by the usage of finance are often used, disregarding firm-specific differences in the demand for external finance. Using unique firm-level survey data, which provide information on a firm’s credit demand, we develop a direct measurement for access to credit and provide for the first time an empirical evaluation of these methods. We find that information on the usage of credit is not sufficient to identify financially constrained firms, while perception based indicators are surprisingly precise. The paper concludes by presenting recommendations for future survey design.

Suggested Citation

  • Christa Hainz & Tatjana Nabokin, 2013. "Measurement and Determinants of Access to Loans," CESifo Working Paper Series 4190, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4190
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    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/cesifo1_wp4190.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:jfinec:v:127:y:2018:i:1:p:174-196 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Apostolos Thomadakis, 2015. "Determinants of Credit Constrained Firms: Evidence from Central and Eastern Europe Region," Bank of Lithuania Working Paper Series 22, Bank of Lithuania.
    3. Beck, Thorsten & de Haas, Ralph & Degryse, Hans & Van Horen, Neeltje, 2014. "When Arm’s Length Is Too Far. Relationship Banking over the Business Cycle," CEPR Discussion Papers 10050, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Wiegand, Manuel, 2015. "Friendship and money, oil and water? Credit constraints and "Family and Friends" finance," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 112965, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    5. Beck, Thorsten & Degryse, Hans & De Haas, Ralph & van Horen, Neeltje, 2018. "When arm's length is too far: Relationship banking over the credit cycle," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 127(1), pages 174-196.
    6. repec:ebd:wpaper:169 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. F. Guinouard. & E. Kremp. & M. Randriamisaina., 2013. "Access to credit of SMEs and MTEs: decline in supply or lower demand? Lessons learned from a new quarterly business survey," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 30, pages 21-33, Summer.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    access to finance; usage of finance; credit demand; perceived access to finance;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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