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International Migration, Return Migration, and their Effects. A Comprehensive Review on the Romanian Case

Author

Listed:
  • Remus Gabriel Anghel
  • Monica Roman
  • Alina Botezat
  • Ioana Manafi
  • Anatolie Coșciug

Abstract

Romanian migration is today one of the largest, complex, and dynamic migration to Western Europe. This paper is a comprehensive review of the existing literature that aims at providing a full picture of this dynamic migratory process and discussing its far-reaching consequences. It first presents and characterizes the Romanian migration through the different phases during and after state socialism. The second part of the paper is dedicated to unfolding the socio-economic effects of the Romanian migration addressing the remitting behavior and its development over the past years. The issue of return migration is also addressed stressing that return is not much developed, however it has significant impacts through the emergence of returnees’ entrepreneurship. Finally we address some of the consequences of the medical doctors’ migration which is today considered one of the main migration challenges the country is facing.

Suggested Citation

  • Remus Gabriel Anghel & Monica Roman & Alina Botezat & Ioana Manafi & Anatolie Coșciug, 2017. "International Migration, Return Migration, and their Effects. A Comprehensive Review on the Romanian Case," Discussion Papers 43, Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI).
  • Handle: RePEc:cel:dpaper:43
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Vasile Gherheș & Gabriel-Mugurel Dragomir & Mariana Cernicova-Buca, 2020. "Migration Intentions of Romanian Engineering Students," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(12), pages 1-31, June.
    2. Anghel Remus Gabriel & Coșciug Anatolie, 2018. "Introduction to the Special Issue: Debating Immigration in a Country of Emigration," Social Change Review, Sciendo, vol. 16(1-2), pages 3-8, December.
    3. Kordel Stefan & Lutsch Stefanie, 2018. "Status Quo and Potential of Remigration Among Transylvanian Saxons to Rural Romania," European Countryside, Sciendo, vol. 10(4), pages 614-633, December.
    4. Prada Elena-Maria, 2020. "The Relationship Between Sustainable Development Goals and Migration. An EU-28 Perspective," Journal of Social and Economic Statistics, Sciendo, vol. 9(1), pages 28-45, August.
    5. Alin Croitoru, 2020. "Great Expectations: A Regional Study of Entrepreneurship Among Romanian Return Migrants," SAGE Open, , vol. 10(2), pages 21582440209, May.
    6. Roman Monica & Su Chi-Wei & Noja Gratiela, 2020. "International Migration and its Socio-Economic Effects in European Countries. Editorial Note," Journal of Social and Economic Statistics, Sciendo, vol. 9(1), pages 1-4, August.
    7. Mihaela MATEI & Monica ROMAN & Alexandru FLOREA & Adina IORGANDA, 2020. "International migration policies in two post-communist countries: comparative evidence from Romania and Poland," Eastern Journal of European Studies, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 11, pages 427-448, December.
    8. Anatolie Coșciug, 2018. "Measuring integration in new countries of immigration," Social Change Review, Sciendo, vol. 16(1-2), pages 93-121, December.
    9. Iordache Mihaela & Matei Mihaela, 2020. "Explaining Recent Romanian Migration: A Modified Gravity Model with Panel Data," Journal of Social and Economic Statistics, Sciendo, vol. 9(1), pages 46-64, August.
    10. Radu Florin OGARCA & Sorinel DOMNISORU & Liviu CRACIUN & Laurentiu MIHAI, 2019. "Returnee Entrepreneurship In Romania – Determinants And Perspectives," Management and Marketing Journal, University of Craiova, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 0(2), pages 7-23, November.
    11. Codrin Dan Nicolae Ilea & Lucia Georgeta Daina & Simona Bungau & Delia Mirela Tit & Diana Uivarosan & Lavinia Moleriu & Ion Petre & Constantin Bungau & Izabella Petre, 2020. "Sustainable Management, Instable Legislation Regarding Wages, and Employee Satisfaction/Motivation in Two Romanian Hospitals," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(3), pages 1-17, January.
    12. Tekin AKGEYİK, 2018. "Bölgeler Arası Göçün Yaşlanmaya Etkisi: TÜİK İBB2 Verileri Üzerine Ampirik Bir Araştırma," Journal of Social Policy Conferences, Istanbul University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 0(75), pages 69-91, December.
    13. Anatolie Coșciug & Silviu Marian Ciobanu & József Benedek, 2017. "The Safety of Transnational Imported Second-Hand Cars: A Case Study on Vehicle-to-Vehicle Crashes in Romania," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(12), pages 1-14, December.
    14. Alina BOTEZAT & Andreea MORARU, 2020. "Brain drain from Romania: what do we know so far about the Romanian medical diaspora? Abstract: In recent years a considerable amount of attention has been directed to the migration of tertiary educat," Eastern Journal of European Studies, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 11, pages 309-334, June.
    15. Alexandru FLOREA & Monica ROMAN, 2018. "Using Face Recognition with Twitter Data for the Study of International Migration," Informatica Economica, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 22(4), pages 31-46.
    16. Zsuzsanna Dabasi-Halász & Julianna Kiss & Ioana Manafi & Daniela Elena Marinescu & Katalin Lipták & Monica Roman & Javier Lorenzo-Rodriguez, 2019. "International youth mobility in Eastern and Western Europe – the case of the Erasmus+ programme," Migration Letters, Transnational Press London, UK, vol. 16(1), pages 61-72, January.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Romania; international migration; remittances; return migration; physicians migration;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F24 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Remittances
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • P36 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty

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