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International Migration, Return Migration, and their Effects: A Comprehensive Review on the Romanian Case

Listed author(s):
  • Anghel, Remus Gabriel

    ()

    (Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities)

  • Botezat, Alina

    ()

    (Romanian Academy)

  • Coșciug, Anatolie

    ()

    (Babeş-Bolyai University)

  • Manafi, Ioana

    ()

    (Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies)

  • Roman, Monica

    ()

    (Bucharest University of Economic Studies)

Romanian migration is today one of the biggest, complex, and dynamic migration to Western Europe. This paper is a comprehensive review of the existing literature that aims at providing a full picture of this dynamic migratory process and discusses its far-reaching consequences. It first presents and characterizes the Romanian migration through the different phases during and after state socialism. The second part of the paper is dedicated to unfolding the socio-economic effects of the Romanian migration addressing the remitting behavior and its development over the past years. The issue of return migration is also addressed stressing that return is not much developed, however it has significant impacts through the emergence of returnees' entrepreneurship. Finally we address some of the consequences of the medical doctors' migration which is today considered one of the main migration challenges the country is facing.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 10445.

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Length: 52 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2016
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10445
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Rotte, Ralph & Vogler, Michael, 1998. "Determinants of International Migration: Empirical Evidence for Migration from Developing Countries to Germany," CEPR Discussion Papers 1920, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Ken Clark & Stephen Drinkwater, 2008. "The labour-market performance of recent migrants," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(3), pages 496-517, Autumn.
  3. Batista, Catia & McIndoe Calder, Tara & Vicente, Pedro C., 2014. "Return Migration, Self-Selection and Entrepreneurship in Mozambique," IZA Discussion Papers 8195, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Batista, Catia & McIndoe Calder, Tara & Vicente, Pedro C., 2014. "Return Migration, Self-Selection and Entrepreneurship in Mozambique," IZA Discussion Papers 8195, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Roman, Monica & Voicu, Cristina, 2010. "Some Socio-Economic Effects of Labour Migration on the Sending Country. Evidence from Romania," MPRA Paper 23527, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Mar 2010.
  6. Tatiana Fic, 2013. "Migration from Bulgaria and Romania to the UK," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 224(1), pages 4-7, May.
  7. Dietz, Barbara, 1999. "Ethnic German Immigration from Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union to Germany: the Effects of Migrant Networks," IZA Discussion Papers 68, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Gibson, John & McKenzie, David, 2011. "The microeconomic determinants of emigration and return migration of the best and brightest: Evidence from the Pacific," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 18-29, May.
  9. Martine Rutten, 2009. "The Economic Impact of Medical Migration: An Overview of the Literature," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(2), pages 291-325, 02.
  10. Zizi GOSCHIN & Monica ROMAN, 2012. "Determinants of the remitting behaviour of Romanian emigrants in an economic crisis context," Eastern Journal of European Studies, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 3, pages 87-103, December.
  11. Rodríguez-Planas, Núria & Vegas, Raquel, 2012. "Moroccans', Ecuadorians' and Romanians' Assimilation in Spain," IZA Discussion Papers 6542, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Monica ROMAN & Zizi GOSCHIN, 2014. "Return migration in an economic crisis context. A survey on Romanian healthcare professionals," Romanian Journal of Economics, Institute of National Economy, vol. 39(2(48)), pages 100-120, December.
  13. Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2012. "Globalization, Brain Drain, and Development," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 50(3), pages 681-730, September.
  14. Ruxandra Oana Ciobanu, 2015. "Multiple Migration Flows of Romanians," Mobilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(3), pages 466-485, July.
  15. John Gibson & David McKenzie, 2012. "The Economic Consequences of ‘Brain Drain’ of the Best and Brightest: Microeconomic Evidence from Five Countries," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 122(560), pages 339-375, 05.
  16. Beine, Michel & Docquier, Frederic & Rapoport, Hillel, 2001. "Brain drain and economic growth: theory and evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 275-289, February.
  17. repec:cai:popine:popu_p2001_13n2_0164 is not listed on IDEAS
  18. Mattoo, Aaditya & Neagu, Ileana Cristina & Özden, Çaglar, 2008. "Brain waste? Educated immigrants in the US labor market," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 255-269, October.
  19. Martine Rutten, 2009. "The Economic Impact of Medical Migration: A Receiving Country's Perspective," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(1), pages 156-171, 02.
  20. Bhargava, Alok & Docquier, Frédéric & Moullan, Yasser, 2011. "Modeling the effects of physician emigration on human development," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 172-183, March.
  21. Dan Florin HREBAN, 2015. "How Important Are Remittances Flows For Romania?," The USV Annals of Economics and Public Administration, Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania, Faculty of Economics and Public Administration, vol. 15(2(22)), pages 104-111, December.
  22. Roman, Monica & Goschin, Zizi, 2011. "Does religion matter? Exploring economic performance differences among Romanian emigrants," MPRA Paper 31779, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  23. repec:ecj:econjl:v:122:y:2012:i::p:339-375 is not listed on IDEAS
  24. Alok Bhargava & Frédéric Docquier, 2008. "HIV Pandemic, Medical Brain Drain, and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 22(2), pages 345-366, May.
  25. Botezat, Alina & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2014. "The impact of parents migration on the well-being of children left behind: Initial evidence from Romania," ZEW Discussion Papers 14-029, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  26. Lisa Chauvet & Flore Gubert & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2009. "Are Remittances More Effective Than Aid To Reduce Child Mortality? An Empirical Assessment using Inter and Intra-Country Data," Working Papers DT/2009/11, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  27. Monica ROMAN & Cristina VOICU, 2010. "Some Socio-Economic Effects of Labor Migration on Sending Countries. Evidence from Romania," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 7(7(548)), pages 61-76, July.
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