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Precio del agua y relocalización del recurso en la economía andaluza. Una aproximación desde un modelo de equilibrio general aplicado

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Abstract

El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en analizar los efectos que tendría un incremento en la tarifa del agua del sector agrario sobre la conservación del recurso, la eficiencia en el consumo y la posible relocalización del mismo entre los diferentes sectores productivos. La política tarifaria se aplicará sobre el sector agrario debido, por un lado, al excesivo consumo de agua realizado por dicho sector y, por otro, al bajo precio pagado por ella. La metodología que se utilizará para alcanzar el objetivo propuesto consistirá en un modelo de equilibrio general aplicado (MEGA), previamente diseñado para el análisis de impuestos directos de la economía andaluza (Cardenete y Sancho, 2003), mejorado y ampliado para incluir las emisiones contaminantes y la introducción de impuestos ambientales (André, Cardenete y Velázquez, 2005). Este modelo se modificará para introducir las variaciones en la tarifa del agua que trataremos de analizar mediante la introducción de un impuesto sobre la estructura de producción.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Alejandro Cardenete & G.J.D. Hewings & E. Velázquez, 2005. "Precio del agua y relocalización del recurso en la economía andaluza. Una aproximación desde un modelo de equilibrio general aplicado," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2005/22, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  • Handle: RePEc:cea:doctra:e2005_22
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    Cited by:

    1. Llop, Maria, 2013. "Water reallocation in the input–output model," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 21-27.

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    Keywords

    reformas impositivas ambientales; equilibrio general aplicado; precio del agua.;

    JEL classification:

    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence

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