Performing an Environmental Tax Reform in a Regional Economy. A Computable General Equilibrium Approach
We use a Computable General Equilibrium model to simulate the effects of an Environmental Tax Reform in a regional economy (Andalusia, Spain). The reform involves imposing a tax on CO2 or SO2 emissions and reducing either the Income Tax or the payroll tax of employers to Social Security, and eventually keeping public deficit unchanged. This approach enables us to test the so-called double dividend hypothesis, which states that this kind of reform is likely to improve both environmental and non-environmental welfare. In the economy under analysis, an employment double dividend arises when the payroll tax is reduced and, if CO2 emissions are selected as environmental target, a (limited) strong double could also be obtained. No double dividend appears when Income Tax is reduced to compensate the environmental tax.
|Date of creation:||2004|
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Other versions of this item:
- Francisco André & M. Cardenete & Esther Velázquez, 2005. "Performing an environmental tax reform in a regional economy. A computable general equilibrium approach," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 39(2), pages 375-392, 06.
- Francisco J. AndrÃ© & M. Alejandro Cardenete, 2004. "Performing an Environmental Tax Reform in a Regional Economy: A Computable General Equilibrium Approach," Computing in Economics and Finance 2004 115, Society for Computational Economics.
- D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
- H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
- H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
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- Abeer Elshennawy, 2011. "Is There A Triple Dividend Effect from A Tax on Fertilizer Use? A Computable General Equilibrium Approach," Working Papers 582, Economic Research Forum, revised 05 Jan 2011.
- Cámara Sánchez, Ángeles & Cardenete Flores, M.Alejandro & Monrobel Alcántara, José Ramón, 2014. "Matrices de Contabilidad Social y Modelos de Equilibrio General Aplicado elaborados en España a nivel regional/Social Accounting Matrices and Applied General Equilibrium Models Developed in Spain at R," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 32, pages 427-454, Enero.
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