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More Facts about Prices: France Before and During the Great Recession

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  • Berardi, N.
  • Gautier, E.
  • Le Bihan, H.

Abstract

Using micro price data covering the Great Recession period, we document new facts on price rigidity in France: (i) each month, 17% of prices are changed versus 23% in the United States. When sales are excluded, only 14% of prices are modified in France versus 15% in the United States; (ii) the distribution of price changes is dispersed with a lot of large and very small price changes; (iii) price increases are more frequent in January and September, even after controlling for sales; (iv) price changes related to sales and product replacements are less driven by inflation variations than regular price changes; (v) the monthly inflation rate is correlated to the frequencies of price decreases and increases. The volatility in the sizes of price increases and decreases is mainly due to sales and promotions; (vi) during the Great Recession, the patterns of price adjustment were only slightly modified: the frequency, average size and dispersion of price decreases increased a little.

Suggested Citation

  • Berardi, N. & Gautier, E. & Le Bihan, H., 2013. "More Facts about Prices: France Before and During the Great Recession," Working papers 425, Banque de France.
  • Handle: RePEc:bfr:banfra:425
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    Cited by:

    1. Silvia Fabiani & Mario Porqueddu, 2015. "Changing prices ... changing times: evidence for Italy," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 275, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    2. N. Berardi. & E. Gautier., 2016. "Adjustments in consumer prices in France in periods of low inflation," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 41, pages 51-65, spring.
    3. Sourav Ray & Avichai Snir & Daniel Levy, 2021. "Retail Pricing Format and Rigidity of Regular Prices," Working Paper series 21-23, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
    4. Alvarez, Fernando & Le Bihan, Hervé & Lippi, Francesco, 2013. "Small and large price changes and the propagation of monetary shocks," CEPR Discussion Papers 9770, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Fernando Alvarez & Andrea Ferrara & Erwan Gautier & Hervé Le Bihan & Francesco Lippi, 2021. "Empirical Investigation of a Sufficient Statistic for Monetary Shocks," EIEF Working Papers Series 2109, Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF), revised May 2021.
    6. S. Avouyi-Dovi. & R. Lecat. & C. O’Donnell. & B. Bureau. & J.-P. Villetelle., 2016. "Corporate loans at particularly low rates in France," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 41, pages 27-39, spring.
    7. Nao Sudo & Kozo Ueda & Kota Watanabe & Tsutomu Watanabe, 2018. "Working Less and Bargain Hunting More: Macroimplications of Sales during Japan's Lost Decades," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 50(2-3), pages 449-478, March.
    8. Oleksiy Kryvtsov & Nicolas Vincent, 2014. "On the Importance of Sales for Aggregate Price Flexibility," Staff Working Papers 14-45, Bank of Canada.
    9. R. Cezar & A. Duguet & G. Gaulier & V. Vicard, 2017. "Competition for global value added: domestic and export market shares," Rue de la Banque, Banque de France, issue 36, january..
    10. Anderson, Eric & Malin, Benjamin A. & Nakamura, Emi & Simester, Duncan & Steinsson, Jón, 2017. "Informational rigidities and the stickiness of temporary Sales," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 64-83.
    11. N. Berardi. & E. Gautier., 2016. "Adjustments in consumer prices in France in periods of low inflation," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 41, pages 51-65, spring.
    12. Fernando Alvarez & Hervé Le Bihan & Francesco Lippi, 2016. "The Real Effects of Monetary Shocks in Sticky Price Models: A Sufficient Statistic Approach," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 106(10), pages 2817-2851, October.
    13. Erwan Gautier & Hervé Le Bihan, 2018. "Shocks vs Menu Costs: Patterns of Price Rigidity in an Estimated Multi-Sector Menu-Cost Model," 2018 Meeting Papers 248, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    14. Petrella, Ivan & Santoro, Emiliano & Simonsen, Lasse P., 2019. "Time-varying Price Flexibility and Inflation Dynamics," EMF Research Papers 28, Economic Modelling and Forecasting Group.
    15. Baranowski, Paweł & Kuchta, Zbigniew, 2015. "Changes in nominal rigidities in Poland – a regime switching DSGE perspective," MPRA Paper 70573, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Mar 2016.
    16. Andrade Philippe & Coibion Olivier & Gautier Erwan & Gorodnichenko Yuriy, 2020. "No Firm Is an Island? How Industry Conditions Shape Firms’ Expectations," Working papers 780, Banque de France.
    17. Fabio Busetti & Pietro Cova & Antonio Maria Conti & Filippo Scoccianti & Libero Monteforte & Giordano Zevi & Valentina Aprigliano & Andrea Gerali & Alberto Locarno & Alessandro Notarpietro & Massimili, 2014. "The effects of the crisis on production potential and household spending in Italy," Workshop and Conferences 18, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    18. Ciccarelli, Matteo & Osbat, Chiara, 2017. "Low inflation in the euro area: Causes and consequences," Occasional Paper Series 181, European Central Bank.
    19. Philippe Andrade & Olivier Coibion & Erwan Gautier & Yuriy Gorodnichenko, 2020. "No Firm is an Island? How Industry Conditions Shape Firms' Aggregate Expectations," NBER Working Papers 27317, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    20. Berardi Nicoletta, 2018. "Is price dispersion a concern for French consumers?," Rue de la Banque, Banque de France, issue 54, january.
    21. S. Castor. & H. Caradant. & V. Chauvin. & T. Mosquera Yon., 2016. "France’s international trade in services," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 41, pages 17-26, spring.
    22. de la Porte Simonsen, Lasse & Petrella, Ivan & Santoro, Emiliano, 2018. "Inflation Dynamics and Price Flexibility in the UK," CEPR Discussion Papers 13027, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    23. S. Humbertclaude. & R. Lecat. & F. Monteil., 2016. "France’s national economic wealth declined by 1.8% in 2014," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 41, pages 41-49, spring.
    24. Huw D. Dixon & Christian Grimme, 2019. "State-Dependent or Time-Dependent Pricing? New Evidence from a Monthly Firm-Level Survey: 1980-2017," CESifo Working Paper Series 7842, CESifo.
    25. Nicoletta Berardi & Federico Ravenna & Mario Samano, 2020. "Everyday Regular Prices," Working papers 746, Banque de France.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    price stickiness; inflation; consumer prices; sales; product substitution.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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