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Competition and Efficiency in the Mexican Banking Sector

Author

Listed:
  • Sara G.Castellanos
  • Jesus G. Garza-Garcia

Abstract

The Mexican banking sector experienced a process of liberalization which aimed towards increasing the level of competition and efficiency. This paper studies the evolution of the efficiency of the Mexican banking sector from 2002 to 2012 and also analyses its relationship with the degree of banking competition. To do so, efficiency scores are estimated by applying the non-parametric methodology, Data Envelopment Analysis. Furthermore, the Boone Indicator is used to assess the degree of competition and included among other possible determinants of bank efficiency. The main results indicate increasing trends of efficiency in the banking sector during the period of study. Moreover, a direct relationship between banking competition and efficiency is observed. Besides, the capitalization index, market share and loan intensity increase efficiency whereas noninterest expenses and non performing loans decrease the level of efficiency. Lastly, in regards to the relative efficiency of local or foreign ownership of banks, it is found that the system s average efficiency trend is observed among both local and foreign banks, but local banks are somewhat more efficient.

Suggested Citation

  • Sara G.Castellanos & Jesus G. Garza-Garcia, 2013. "Competition and Efficiency in the Mexican Banking Sector," Working Papers 1329, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:bbv:wpaper:1329
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Vunjak Nenad & Davidovic Milivoje, 2014. "Cost Efficiency Of Agroindustrial Companies In Vojvodina: Dea Approach," Interdisciplinary Management Research, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Economics, Croatia, vol. 10, pages 369-376.
    2. Gustavo A. Del Angel, 2016. "Cashless Payments and the Persistence of Cash: Open Questions About Mexico," Economics Working Papers 16108, Hoover Institution, Stanford University.
    3. Lucia Pacheco & Liliana Rojas-Suarez, 2017. "An Index of Regulatory Practices for Financial Inclusion in Latin America," Working Papers 17/15, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Boone Indicator; Mexican Banking Sector; Bank competition; Panel Data;

    JEL classification:

    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • N2 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions

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