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Determinants of bank efficiency: The case of Brazil

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  • Tecles, Patricia Langsch
  • Tabak, Benjamin M.

Abstract

This paper analyzes the efficiency of the Brazilian banking sector over the post-privatization period of 2000-2007. We employ a Bayesian stochastic frontier approach, which provides exact efficiency estimates and confidence intervals and thus, allows an accurate comparison across institutions and bank groups. The results suggest that large banks are the most cost and profit efficient, supporting the concentration process observed in recent years. Foreign banks have achieved a good performance through either the establishment of new affiliates and the acquisition of local banks. The remaining public banks have had improvements in cost efficiency, but are relatively profit inefficient. Finally, we observe a positive impact of capitalization on efficiency.

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  • Tecles, Patricia Langsch & Tabak, Benjamin M., 2010. "Determinants of bank efficiency: The case of Brazil," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 207(3), pages 1587-1598, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:207:y:2010:i:3:p:1587-1598
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    Cited by:

    1. Tabak, Benjamin M. & Fazio, Dimas M. & Cajueiro, Daniel O., 2011. "The effects of loan portfolio concentration on Brazilian banks' return and risk," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(11), pages 3065-3076, November.
    2. Sarmiento, Miguel & Galán, Jorge E., 2017. "The influence of risk-taking on bank efficiency: Evidence from Colombia," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 52-73.
    3. Sara G.Castellanos & Jesus G. Garza-Garcia, 2013. "Competition and Efficiency in the Mexican Banking Sector," Working Papers 1329, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
    4. repec:spt:apfiba:v:7:y:2017:i:5:f:7_5_2 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Sarmiento, Miguel & Galán, Jorge E., 2014. "Heterogeneous effects of risk-taking on bank efficiency : a stochastic frontier model with random coefficients," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS ws142013, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    6. repec:taf:pocoec:v:28:y:2016:i:2:p:232-248 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. van der Heijden, Hans & Garn, Wolfgang, 2013. "Profitability in the car industry: New measures for estimating targets and target directions," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 225(3), pages 420-428.
    8. Tabak, Benjamin M. & Miranda, Rogério Boueri & Fazio, Dimas M., 2013. "A geographically weighted approach to measuring efficiency in panel data: The case of US saving banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(10), pages 3747-3756.
    9. Galán, Jorge E. & Veiga, Helena & Wiper, Michael P., 2015. "Dynamic effects in inefficiency: Evidence from the Colombian banking sector," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 240(2), pages 562-571.
    10. Goddard, John & Molyneux, Philip & Williams, Jonathan, 2014. "Dealing with cross-firm heterogeneity in bank efficiency estimates: Some evidence from Latin America," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 130-142.
    11. Said Seif Mzee, 2014. "Cost and Profit Efficiency and Management Behaviour of Commercial Banks (Evidence from Tanzania)," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 4(10), pages 1447-1460, October.
    12. Benjamin M. Tabak & Dimas M. Fazio & Daniel O. Cajueiro, 2011. "Profit, Cost and Scale Efficiency for Latin American Banks: Concentration-Performance Relationship," Working Papers Series 244, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    13. Huang, Wei & Eling, Martin, 2013. "An efficiency comparison of the non-life insurance industry in the BRIC countries," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 226(3), pages 577-591.
    14. Tabak, Benjamin M. & Gomes, Guilherme M.R. & da Silva Medeiros, Maurício, 2015. "The impact of market power at bank level in risk-taking: The Brazilian case," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 154-165.
    15. repec:taf:oaefxx:v:3:y:2015:i:1:p:1006976 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. repec:taf:oabmxx:v:3:y:2016:i:1:p:1199519 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Vazquez, Francisco & Tabak, Benjamin M. & Souto, Marcos, 2012. "A macro stress test model of credit risk for the Brazilian banking sector," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 69-83.
    18. Oleg Deev & Martin Hodula, 2016. "Sovereign default risk and state-owned bank fragility in emerging markets: evidence from China and Russia," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(2), pages 232-248, April.
    19. Zhang, Jianhua & Jiang, Chunxia & Qu, Baozhi & Wang, Peng, 2013. "Market concentration, risk-taking, and bank performance: Evidence from emerging economies," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 149-157.
    20. Wanke, Peter & Barros, Carlos P. & Faria, João R., 2015. "Financial distress drivers in Brazilian banks: A dynamic slacks approach," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 240(1), pages 258-268.
    21. repec:eee:ejores:v:268:y:2018:i:2:p:653-664 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Serhat Yüksel & Shahriyar Mukhtarov & Elvin Mammadov, 2016. "Comparing the Efficiency of Turkish and Azerbaijani Banks: An Application with Data Envelopment Analysis," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(3), pages 1059-1067.
    23. repec:eee:intfin:v:51:y:2017:i:c:p:58-74 is not listed on IDEAS

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