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Bank efficiency differences in the new EU member states

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  • Marko Košak

    () (Faculty of Economics, University of Ljubljana)

  • Peter Zajc

    (European Investment Bank)

  • Jelena Zorić

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Ljubljana)

Abstract

This article examines bank cost efficiency for five new EU Member States from Central and Eastern Europe and the three Baltic States for the period 1996 – 2006. The banking sectors in the selected set of countries had undergone a remarkable transformation before they achieved EU membership in 2004. We study cost efficiency differences between countries as well as efficiency improvements fostered by intense legislative and regulatory changes and extensive structural and institutional reforms carried out simultaneously. By employing the SFA approach an improvement in cost efficiency was discovered in the period investigated. Some noticeable differences in average cost efficiency among banking sectors can be detected as well. Empirical results also reveal certain significant associations of cost efficiency with country level macroeconomic characteristics, structure of the banking industry, and individual bank features. Analysis of correlating factors shows that the level of competition in the banking sector plays a more important role for cost efficiency improvements than the ownership structure itself. These results might be of interest to policy makers and regulatory authorities as they may provide help in detecting policy measures to create a business environment which would further enhance the cost efficiency of CEE banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Marko Košak & Peter Zajc & Jelena Zorić, 2009. "Bank efficiency differences in the new EU member states," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 9(2), pages 67-90, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bic:journl:v:9:y:2009:i:2:p:67-90
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mamatzakis, E & kalyvas, a, 2013. "Regulations, Economic Freedom and Bank Performance: Evidence from the EU-10 Economies," MPRA Paper 51878, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. repec:eee:spacre:v:17:y:2014:i:1:p:78-87 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Sokic, Alexandre, 2015. "Cost efficiency of the banking industry and unilateral euroisation: A stochastic frontier approach in Serbia and Montenegro," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 541-551.
    4. Psillaki, Maria & Mamatzakis, Emmanuel, 2017. "What drives bank performance in transitions economies? The impact of reforms and regulations," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(PA), pages 578-594.
    5. Fang, Yiwei & Hasan, Iftekhar & Marton, Katherin, 2011. "Bank efficiency in transition economies : recent evidence from South-Eastern Europe," Research Discussion Papers 5/2011, Bank of Finland.
    6. repec:eee:ecosys:v:41:y:2017:i:1:p:122-138 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Sandra M. Leitner & Robert Stehrer, 2015. "What Determines SMEs’ Funding Obstacles to Bank Loans and Trade Credits?," wiiw Working Papers 114, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    8. Fang, Yiwei & Hasan, Iftekhar & Marton, Katherin & Waisman, Maya, 2014. "Bank valuation in new EU member countries," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 55-72.
    9. Jose L. Gallizo & Jordi Moreno & Ioana Iuliana Pop (Grigorescu), 2011. "Banking Efficiency And European Integration. Implications Of The Banking Reform In Romania," Annales Universitatis Apulensis Series Oeconomica, Faculty of Sciences, "1 Decembrie 1918" University, Alba Iulia, vol. 2(13), pages 1-25.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cost efficiency; banking; CEE and Baltic States;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • P3 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions

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