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Bank efficiency differences in the new EU member states

Author

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  • Marko Košak

    () (Faculty of Economics, University of Ljubljana)

  • Peter Zajc

    (European Investment Bank)

  • Jelena Zorić

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Ljubljana)

Abstract

This article examines bank cost efficiency for five new EU Member States from Central and Eastern Europe and the three Baltic States for the period 1996 – 2006. The banking sectors in the selected set of countries had undergone a remarkable transformation before they achieved EU membership in 2004. We study cost efficiency differences between countries as well as efficiency improvements fostered by intense legislative and regulatory changes and extensive structural and institutional reforms carried out simultaneously. By employing the SFA approach an improvement in cost efficiency was discovered in the period investigated. Some noticeable differences in average cost efficiency among banking sectors can be detected as well. Empirical results also reveal certain significant associations of cost efficiency with country level macroeconomic characteristics, structure of the banking industry, and individual bank features. Analysis of correlating factors shows that the level of competition in the banking sector plays a more important role for cost efficiency improvements than the ownership structure itself. These results might be of interest to policy makers and regulatory authorities as they may provide help in detecting policy measures to create a business environment which would further enhance the cost efficiency of CEE banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Marko Košak & Peter Zajc & Jelena Zorić, 2009. "Bank efficiency differences in the new EU member states," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 9(2), pages 67-90, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bic:journl:v:9:y:2009:i:2:p:67-90
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    5. Bautista Mesa, Rafael & Molina Sánchez, Horacio & Ramírez Sobrino, Jesús Nicolás, 2014. "Main determinants of efficiency and implications on banking concentration in the European Union," Revista de Contabilidad - Spanish Accounting Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 78-87.
    6. Sandra M. Leitner & Robert Stehrer, 2015. "What Determines SMEs’ Funding Obstacles to Bank Loans and Trade Credits?," wiiw Working Papers 114, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    7. Jose L. Gallizo & Jordi Moreno & Ioana Iuliana Pop (Grigorescu), 2011. "Banking Efficiency And European Integration. Implications Of The Banking Reform In Romania," Annales Universitatis Apulensis Series Oeconomica, Faculty of Sciences, "1 Decembrie 1918" University, Alba Iulia, vol. 2(13), pages 1-25.
    8. Fang, Yiwei & Hasan, Iftekhar & Marton, Katherin, 2011. "Bank efficiency in transition economies : recent evidence from South-Eastern Europe," Research Discussion Papers 5/2011, Bank of Finland.
    9. Nurboja, Bashkim & Košak, Marko, 2017. "Banking efficiency in South East Europe: Evidence for financial crises and the gap between new EU members and candidate countries," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 122-138.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    cost efficiency; banking; CEE and Baltic States;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • P3 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions

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