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Cost efficiency of the banking industry and unilateral euroisation: A stochastic frontier approach in Serbia and Montenegro

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  • Sokic, Alexandre

Abstract

This paper aims at investigating the differences in cost efficiency of the banking industry in Serbia and Montenegro over the period 2005–2012. These two countries operated under a common monetary regime until 1999 and followed two different monetary regimes thereafter: unilateral euroisation in Montenegro and monetary independence in Serbia. A stochastic frontier approach incorporating bank-specific and country-related variables is used to analyze cost efficiency in the banking sectors of Serbia and Montenegro. The analysis shows that a bank operating at given conditions in terms of ownership, market and other specific characteristics presents significantly higher cost efficiency if it operates in Montenegro rather than in Serbia. We argue that this result may relate to the choice of unilateral euroisation made by Montenegro. It is also shown that foreign-owned banks, higher capitalized banks and banks with lower non-performing loans operate at higher cost efficiency.

Suggested Citation

  • Sokic, Alexandre, 2015. "Cost efficiency of the banking industry and unilateral euroisation: A stochastic frontier approach in Serbia and Montenegro," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 541-551.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecosys:v:39:y:2015:i:3:p:541-551
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecosys.2015.01.006
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    1. repec:eee:ecosys:v:41:y:2017:i:1:p:122-138 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Banking; Cost efficiency; Dollarization; Euroisation; Montenegro; Serbia;

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • P34 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Finance
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

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