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Nonlinear Factor Models for Network and Panel Data

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  • Mingli Chen
  • Iv'an Fern'andez-Val
  • Martin Weidner

Abstract

Factor structures or interactive effects are convenient devices to incorporate latent variables in panel data models. We consider fixed effect estimation of nonlinear panel single-index models with factor structures in the unobservables, which include logit, probit, ordered probit and Poisson specifications. We establish that fixed effect estimators of model parameters and average partial effects have normal distributions when the two dimensions of the panel grow large, but might suffer of incidental parameter bias. We show how models with factor structures can also be applied to capture important features of network data such as reciprocity, degree heterogeneity, homophily in latent variables and clustering. We illustrate this applicability with an empirical example to the estimation of a gravity equation of international trade between countries using a Poisson model with multiple factors.

Suggested Citation

  • Mingli Chen & Iv'an Fern'andez-Val & Martin Weidner, 2014. "Nonlinear Factor Models for Network and Panel Data," Papers 1412.5647, arXiv.org, revised Oct 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1412.5647
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    Cited by:

    1. Fernández-Val, Iván & Weidner, Martin, 2016. "Individual and time effects in nonlinear panel models with large N, T," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 192(1), pages 291-312.
    2. Jiti Gao & Fei Liu & Bin peng, 2020. "Binary Response Models for Heterogeneous Panel Data with Interactive Fixed Effects," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 44/20, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
    3. Boneva, L. & Linton, O., 2017. "A Discrete Choice Model For Large Heterogeneous Panels with Interactive Fixed Effects with an Application to the Determinants of Corporate Bond Issuance," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1703, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    4. Liang Chen & Juan J. Dolado & Jesús Gonzalo, 2021. "Quantile Factor Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 89(2), pages 875-910, March.
    5. Thibaut Lamadon & Elena Manresa & Stephane Bonhomme, 2016. "Discretizing Unobserved Heterogeneity," 2016 Meeting Papers 1536, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    6. Francesco Bartolucci & Claudia Pigini, 2018. "Partial effects estimation for fixed-effects logit panel data models," Working Papers 431, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    7. Vasilis Sarafidis & Tom Wansbeek, 2020. "Celebrating 40 Years of Panel Data Analysis: Past, Present and Future," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 6/20, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
    8. Williams, Benjamin, 2020. "Nonparametric identification of discrete choice models with lagged dependent variables," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 215(1), pages 286-304.
    9. Daniel Czarnowske & Amrei Stammann, 2020. "Inference in Unbalanced Panel Data Models with Interactive Fixed Effects," Papers 2004.03414, arXiv.org.
    10. Sinem Hacıoğlu Hoke & George Kapetanios, 2021. "Common correlated effect cross‐sectional dependence corrections for nonlinear conditional mean panel models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 36(1), pages 125-150, January.
    11. Jiti Gao & Fei Liu & Bin Peng, 2020. "Binary Response Models for Heterogeneous Panel Data with Interactive Fixed Effects," Papers 2012.03182, arXiv.org.
    12. Martin Weidner & Thomas Zylkin, 2019. "Bias and Consistency in Three-way Gravity Models," Papers 1909.01327, arXiv.org, revised Mar 2021.
    13. Iv'an Fern'andez-Val & Hugo Freeman & Martin Weidner, 2020. "Low-Rank Approximations of Nonseparable Panel Models," Papers 2010.12439, arXiv.org, revised Mar 2021.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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