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From Farmers to Consumers: Vertical Coordination in the Food Industry

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  • Martinez, Steve W.
  • Reed, Al

Abstract

Vertical coordination refers to the allocation of resources across successive stages of a food supply system. Methods of coordination include open production, contract production, and vertical integration. With changes in consumer preferences for food products over the past several decades, open-market exchanges have given way to contract production and vertical integration. These developments may continue in the future as consumers demand specific product attributes and technological advances enable added control over farm product attributes and flows. Changes in methods of vertical coordination raise important policy issues.

Suggested Citation

  • Martinez, Steve W. & Reed, Al, 1996. "From Farmers to Consumers: Vertical Coordination in the Food Industry," Agricultural Information Bulletins 309735, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uersab:309735
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.309735
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Mighell, Ronald L. & Jones, Lawrence A., 1963. "Vertical Coordination in Agriculture," Agricultural Economic Reports 307164, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    2. Powers, Nicholas J., 1994. "Marketing Practices for Vegetables," Agricultural Information Bulletins 309719, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    3. Thomas L. Sporleder, 1992. "Managerial Economics of Vertically Coordinated Agricultural Firms," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 74(5), pages 1226-1231.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lipton, Kathryn L., 1998. "The Food and Fiber System: Contributing to the U.S. and World Economies," Agricultural Information Bulletins 33761, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

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