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Adoption of Farm Mechanization, Cropland Expansion, and Intensification in Ghana

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  • Houssou, Nazaire
  • Chapoto, Anthony

Abstract

This research assesses whether the recent public and private efforts to improve farmer’s access to mechanical power in Ghana, have had their intended effects on the country’s agricultural sector. Using panel survey data, this paper analyzes the impacts of mechanization on cropland expansion and farming system intensification in Northern Ghana. Findings show a positive correlation between farm mechanization and cropland expansion during the survey period. However, there was no evidence of increasing farm input use with the use of tractors. Indeed, findings seem to suggest an inverse relationship between mechanization and farm intensification. We conclude that tractorization is unlikely to foster farm input intensification in regions such as Northern Ghana where farmlands are still abundant.

Suggested Citation

  • Houssou, Nazaire & Chapoto, Anthony, 2015. "Adoption of Farm Mechanization, Cropland Expansion, and Intensification in Ghana," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 211744, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iaae15:211744
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.211744
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    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/211744/files/Houssou-Impact%20of%20Farm%20Mechanization%20on%20Cropland%20Expansion%20and%20Intensification-268.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Nazaire Houssou & Xinshen Diao & Frances Cossar & Shashidhara Kolavalli & Kipo Jimah & Patrick Ohene Aboagye, 2013. "Agricultural Mechanization in Ghana: Is Specialized Agricultural Mechanization Service Provision a Viable Business Model?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 95(5), pages 1237-1244.
    2. Houssou, Nazaire & Diao, Xinshen & Cossar, Frances & Kolavalli, Shashidhara & Jimah, Kipo & Aboagye, Patrick, 2013. "Agricultural mechanization in Ghana: Is specialization in agricultural mechanization a viable business model?," IFPRI discussion papers 1255, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Breisinger, Clemens & Diao, Xinshen & Kolavalli, Shashidhara & Al Hassan, Ramatu & Thurlow, James, 2011. "A new era of transformation in Ghana: Lessons from the past and scenarios for the future," Research reports 978-0-89629-788-3, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    4. Mundlak, Yair, 1978. "On the Pooling of Time Series and Cross Section Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 69-85, January.
    5. Diao, Xinshen & Cossar, Frances & Houssou, Nazaire & Kolavalli, Shashidhara & Jimah, Kipo & Aboagye, Patrick, 2012. "Mechanization in Ghana: Searching for sustainable service supply models:," IFPRI discussion papers 1237, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    6. Diao, Xinshen & Cossar, Frances & Houssou, Nazaire & Kolavalli, Shashidhara, 2014. "Mechanization in Ghana: Emerging demand, and the search for alternative supply models," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 168-181.
    7. Chapoto, Antony & Tetteh, Francis, 2014. "Examining the sense and science behind Ghana’s current blanket fertilizer recommendation:," IFPRI discussion papers 1360, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    10. Obi, Ajuruchukwu & Chisango, Future Fortune T., 2011. "Performance of Smallholder Agriculture Under Limited Mechanization and the Fast Track Land Reform Program in Zimbabwe," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association, vol. 14(4), pages 1-20, November.
    11. Houssou, Nazaire & Diao, Xinshen & Kolavalli, Shashi, 2014. "Can the private sector lead agricultural mechanization in Ghana?," GSSP policy notes 4, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    12. Chamberlain, Gary, 1984. "Panel data," Handbook of Econometrics,in: Z. Griliches† & M. D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 22, pages 1247-1318 Elsevier.
    13. Anselm A. Enete & Felix I. Nweke & Eric Tollens, 2005. "Hired labor use decisions in cassava‐producing households of sub‐Saharan Africa," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 33(3), pages 269-275, November.
    14. Pingali, Prabhu, 2007. "Agricultural Mechanization: Adoption Patterns and Economic Impact," Handbook of Agricultural Economics, Elsevier.
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