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Farm Income Stabilization and Risk Management: Some Lessons from AgriStability Program in Canada

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  • Kimura, Shingo
  • Anton, Jesus

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effectiveness and efficiency of farm income stabilization program such as AgiStability in Canada. This program intends to mitigate farm income fluctuations, which is seemingly more neutral to the farming decision than the payments that are countercyclical with price or revenue, or that are commodity specific. However reduction of income variability generate responses in farmers’ risk management strategies, and most often generate crowding out effects of other strategies such as insurance or diversification. Stochastic analysis of risks and payments is combined with a micro economic model of endogenous risk management decision under uncertainty to explore the interactions between them. The part of the program that is triggered with small margin reductions of 15-30% (frequent normal risk) is found to have the strongest crowding out effects; the most catastrophic part of the payments (when margins are negative) is paid too late for being an effective disaster assistance; the middle range part of the program enters in competition with AgriInsurance, the subsidized insurance program. In all, this program is a socially more acceptable form of supporting farmers, rather than an efficient risk management tool.

Suggested Citation

  • Kimura, Shingo & Anton, Jesus, 2011. "Farm Income Stabilization and Risk Management: Some Lessons from AgriStability Program in Canada," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114755, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eaae11:114755
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114755
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Brandon Schaufele & James R. Unterschultz & Tomas Nilsson, 2010. "AgriStability with Catastrophic Price Risk for Cow-Calf Producers," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 58(3), pages 361-380, September.
    2. H. Holly Wang, 2004. "The impact of US commodity programmes on hedging in the presence of crop insurance," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 31(3), pages 331-352, September.
    3. Mario J. Miranda & Joseph W. Glauber, 1997. "Systemic Risk, Reinsurance, and the Failure of Crop Insurance Markets," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(1), pages 206-215.
    4. Shingo Kimura & Jesús Antón & Christine LeThi, 2010. "Farm Level Analysis of Risk and Risk Management Strategies and Policies: Cross Country Analysis," OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers 26, OECD Publishing.
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    Cited by:

    1. Uzeaa, Florentina Nicoleta & Poon, Kenneth & Sparling, David & Weersink, Alfons, 2013. "Farm Support Payments and Risk Balancing: Implications for Financial Riskiness of Canadian Farms," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 150708, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    2. Mary, Sebastien & Santini, Fabien & Boulanger, Pierre, 2013. "An Ex-Ante Assessment of CAP Income Stabilisation Payments using a Farm Household Model," 87th Annual Conference, April 8-10, 2013, Warwick University, Coventry, UK 158860, Agricultural Economics Society.
    3. Mary, Sebastien & Mishra, Ashok K. & Paloma, Sergio Gomez y, 2013. "An impact assessment of EU's CAP income stabilisation payments," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 149691, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    4. Liesivaara, Petri & Myyra, Sami & Jaakkola, Antti, 2012. "Feasibility of the Income Stabilisation Tool in Finland," 123rd Seminar, February 23-24, 2012, Dublin, Ireland 122537, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Uzea, Florentina & Poon, Kenneth & Sparling, David & Weersink, Alfons, 2014. "Substitutes versus Complements among Canadian Business Risk Management Programs," 2014 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2014, Minneapolis, Minnesota 174942, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

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    Keywords

    Agricultural Finance; Risk and Uncertainty;

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