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The Effect of Export Tax on Indonesia’s Cocoa Export Competitiveness

Author

Listed:
  • Rifin, Amzul
  • Nauly, Dahlia

Abstract

The government of Indonesia implemented an export tax policy on cocoa beans since April 2010 in order to develop cocoa processing industry. The objective of this article is to analyze the effect of export tax on Indonesia’s cocoa export competitiveness. The results indicate that with the implementation of export tax, cocoa export product composition shift from cocoa beans to processed cocoa products. On the other hand, Indonesia’s cocoa export growth is lower than the growth of cocoa world demand which is mainly caused by the decrease of competitiveness. Comparing the three cocoa beans producer, Ghana has gain competitiveness in 2011 compare to 2009.

Suggested Citation

  • Rifin, Amzul & Nauly, Dahlia, 2013. "The Effect of Export Tax on Indonesia’s Cocoa Export Competitiveness," 2013 Conference (57th), February 5-8, 2013, Sydney, Australia 152175, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aare13:152175
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/152175
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Peter Warr, 2002. "Export taxes and income distribution: The Philippines coconut levy," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 138(3), pages 437-458, September.
    2. Takamasa Akiyama, 1992. "Is there a case for an optimal export tax on perennial crops?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 854, The World Bank.
    3. Yilmaz, Kamil, 1999. "Optimal export taxes in a multicountry framework," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 439-465, December.
    4. Richardson, J David, 1971. "Some Sensitivity Tests for a 'Constant-Market-Shares' Analysis of Export Growth," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 53(3), pages 300-304, August.
    5. Stephen Marks & Donald Larson & Jacqueline Pomeroy, 1998. "Economic Effects of Taxes on Exports of Palm Oil Products," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(3), pages 37-58.
    6. Permani, Risti & Vanzetti, David & Setyoko, Nur Rakhman, 2011. "Optimum Level and Welfare Effects of Export Taxes for Cocoa Beans in Indonesia: A Partial Equilibrium Approach," 2011 Conference (55th), February 8-11, 2011, Melbourne, Australia 100695, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    7. Burger, Kees, 2008. "Optimal export taxes – the case of cocoa in Cote d'Ivoire," 107th Seminar, January 30-February 1, 2008, Sevilla, Spain 6395, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    8. Mohamad F. Hasan & Michael R. Reed & Mary A. Marchant, 2001. "Effects of an Export Tax on Competitiveness: The Case of the Indonesian Palm Oil Industry," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 26(2), pages 77-90, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Amir, Hidayat, 2013. "Economic Impact Analysis of the 2012 Indonesia Mineral-Export Tax Policy: A CGE Approach," MPRA Paper 62669, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Andrzejuk, Adam, 2014. "The analysis of production and trade patterns in cocoa market worldwide and in Poland," Problems of World Agriculture / Problemy Rolnictwa Światowego, Wydział Nauk Ekonomicznych, Uniwersytet Warszawski, vol. 14(29).
    3. Rifin, Amzul & Suprehatin & Suryana, Rita Nurmalina & Akbar, Indra Dilana, 2015. "Marketing Channel Choice of Cocoa Farmers in Madiun Regency, East Java, Indonesia," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 212290, International Association of Agricultural Economists.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cocoa; export tax; competitiveness; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade; Production Economics;

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