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Panel Data with Cross-Sectional Dependence Characterized by a Multi-Level Factor Structure

Listed author(s):
  • Carlos Vladimir Rodríguez-Caballero

    ()

    (Aarhus University and CREATES)

A panel data model with a multi-level cross-sectional dependence is proposed. The factor structure is driven by top-level common factors as well as non-pervasive factors. I propose a simple method to filter out the full factor structure that overcomes limitations in standard procedures which may mix up both levels of unobservable factors and may hamper the identification of the model. The model covers both stationary and non-stationary cases and takes into account other relevant features that make the model well suited to the analysis of many types of time series frequently addressed in macroeconomics and finance. The model makes it possible to examine the time series and cross-sectional dynamics of variables allowing for a rich fractional cointegration analysis. A Monte Carlo simulation is conducted to examine the finite sample features of the suggested procedure. Findings indicate that the methodology proposed works well in a wide variety of data generation processes and has much lower biases than the alternative estimation methods either in the I(0) or I(d) cases.

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File URL: ftp://ftp.econ.au.dk/creates/rp/16/rp16_31.pdf
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Paper provided by Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University in its series CREATES Research Papers with number 2016-31.

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Length: 42
Date of creation: 31 Oct 2016
Handle: RePEc:aah:create:2016-31
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.au.dk/afn/

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  1. Natalia Bailey & George Kapetanios & M. Hashem Pesaran, 2016. "Exponent of Cross‐Sectional Dependence: Estimation and Inference," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 31(6), pages 929-960, 09.
  2. M. Hashem Pesaran, 2006. "Estimation and Inference in Large Heterogeneous Panels with a Multifactor Error Structure," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 74(4), pages 967-1012, 07.
  3. Diebold, Francis X. & Li, Canlin & Yue, Vivian Z., 2008. "Global yield curve dynamics and interactions: A dynamic Nelson-Siegel approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 146(2), pages 351-363, October.
  4. Kapetanios, G. & Pesaran, M. Hashem & Yamagata, T., 2011. "Panels with non-stationary multifactor error structures," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(2), pages 326-348, February.
  5. Jushan Bai & Serena Ng, 2002. "Determining the Number of Factors in Approximate Factor Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(1), pages 191-221, January.
  6. Greenaway-McGrevy, Ryan & Han, Chirok & Sul, Donggyu, 2012. "Asymptotic distribution of factor augmented estimators for panel regression," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 169(1), pages 48-53.
  7. Tomohiro Ando & Jushan Bai, 2016. "Panel Data Models with Grouped Factor Structure Under Unknown Group Membership," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 31(1), pages 163-191, 01.
  8. Moon, H.R.Hyungsik Roger & Perron, Benoit, 2004. "Testing for a unit root in panels with dynamic factors," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 122(1), pages 81-126, September.
  9. Phillips, Peter C.B. & Sul, Donggyu, 2007. "Bias in dynamic panel estimation with fixed effects, incidental trends and cross section dependence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 137(1), pages 162-188, March.
  10. Jushan Bai & Serena Ng, 2004. "A PANIC Attack on Unit Roots and Cointegration," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(4), pages 1127-1177, 07.
  11. Robinson, Peter M. & Velasco, Carlos, 2015. "Efficient inference on fractionally integrated panel data models with fixed effects," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 185(2), pages 435-452.
  12. Stéphane Bonhomme & Elena Manresa, 2015. "Grouped Patterns of Heterogeneity in Panel Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 83(3), pages 1147-1184, 05.
  13. Pesaran, M. Hashem & Tosetti, Elisa, 2011. "Large panels with common factors and spatial correlation," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 161(2), pages 182-202, April.
  14. Peter C. B. Phillips & Donggyu Sul, 2003. "Dynamic panel estimation and homogeneity testing under cross section dependence *," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 6(1), pages 217-259, 06.
  15. Ergemen, Yunus Emre & Velasco, Carlos, 2017. "Estimation of fractionally integrated panels with fixed effects and cross-section dependence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 196(2), pages 248-258.
  16. Ayhan Kose, M. & Otrok, Christopher & Whiteman, Charles H., 2008. "Understanding the evolution of world business cycles," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(1), pages 110-130, May.
  17. Yunus Emre Ergemen & Carlos Vladimir Rodríguez-Caballero, 2016. "A Dynamic Multi-Level Factor Model with Long-Range Dependence," CREATES Research Papers 2016-23, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
  18. M. Ayhan Kose & Christopher Otrok & Charles H. Whiteman, 2003. "International Business Cycles: World, Region, and Country-Specific Factors," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(4), pages 1216-1239, September.
  19. Yunus Emre Ergemen, 2016. "System Estimation of Panel Data Models under Long-Range Dependence," CREATES Research Papers 2016-02, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
  20. Jushan Bai, 2009. "Panel Data Models With Interactive Fixed Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 77(4), pages 1229-1279, 07.
  21. Westerlund, Joakim & Urbain, Jean-Pierre, 2013. "On the estimation and inference in factor-augmented panel regressions with correlated loadings," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 119(3), pages 247-250.
  22. repec:hal:journl:peer-00796743 is not listed on IDEAS
  23. In Choi & Dukpa Kim & Yun Jung Kim & Noh-Sun Kwark, 2016. "A Multilevel Factor Model: Identification, Asymptotic Theory and Applications," Working Papers 1609, Research Institute for Market Economy, Sogang University.
  24. Harding, Matthew & Lamarche, Carlos, 2011. "Least squares estimation of a panel data model with multifactor error structure and endogenous covariates," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 111(3), pages 197-199, June.
  25. Westerlund, Joakim & Urbain, Jean-Pierre, 2015. "Cross-sectional averages versus principal components," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 185(2), pages 372-377.
  26. Jushan Bai, 2003. "Inferential Theory for Factor Models of Large Dimensions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(1), pages 135-171, January.
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