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Brechas de género en América Latina. Un estado de situación

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  • Marchionni, Mariana
  • Gasparini, Leonardo
  • Edo, María

Abstract

En los mercados laborales de América Latina las mujeres participan menos que los hombres, tienen más probabilidad de estar ocupadas en empleos informales, a tiempo parcial, con menor productividad y menor remuneración, y están subrepresentadas en puestos gerenciales y ejecutivos. Estas brechas de género persisten a pesar de los progresos logrados durante los últimos 50 años, son mayores en la región que en el mundo desarrollado, y principalmente surgen de distorsiones que limitan o sesgan decisiones de formación de capital humano, familia y empleo a lo largo de la vida de las personas. Por lo tanto, para reducirlas se necesitan políticas públicas específicas que ataquen las barreras que limitan la inserción y el progreso de la mujer en el mundo del trabajo. Lograr una mayor igualdad de género en América Latina es necesario por un motivo de equidad, pero también lo es por razones de eficiencia. A continuación se discuten brevemente las razones que justifican la elección de los tres ámbitos que abarca el estudio. Además, se resumen los principales mensajes del diagnóstico y se resaltan los desafíos que se desprenden para la definición de una agenda de políticas.

Suggested Citation

  • Marchionni, Mariana & Gasparini, Leonardo & Edo, María, . "Brechas de género en América Latina. Un estado de situación," Books, CAF Development Bank Of Latinamerica, number 1401, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:dbl:dblbks:1401
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Doris Weichselbaumer & Rudolf Winter‐Ebmer, 2005. "A Meta‐Analysis of the International Gender Wage Gap," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(3), pages 479-511, July.
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    4. Florian Wendelspiess Chávez Juárez, 2015. "Intergenerational transmission of education: the relative importance of transmission channels," Latin American Economic Review, Springer;Centro de Investigaciòn y Docencia Económica (CIDE), vol. 24(1), pages 1-44, December.
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    1. Berniell, Inés & Berniell, Lucila & Mata, Dolores de la & Edo, María & Marchionni, Mariana, 2021. "Gender gaps in labor informality: The motherhood effect," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 150(C).
    2. Egana-delSol, Pablo & Bustelo, Monserrat & Ripani, Laura & Soler, Nicolas & Viollaz, Mariana, 2022. "Automation in Latin America: Are Women at Higher Risk of Losing Their Jobs?," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 175(C).
    3. Julian Pedrazzi & Leonardo Peñaloza-Pacheco, 2021. "Heterogeneous Effects of Forced Migration on Female Labor Supply," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0274, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    4. Victoria Costoya & Lucía Echeverría & María Edo & Ana Rocha & Agustina Thailinger, 2022. "Gender Gaps within Couples: Evidence of Time Re-allocations during COVID-19 in Argentina," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 43(2), pages 213-226, June.

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