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Climbing the water ladder: multiple-use water services for poverty reduction

Author

Listed:
  • van Koppen, Barbara
  • Smits, Stef
  • Moriarty, Patrick
  • Penning de Vries, Frits W.T.
  • Mikhail, Monique
  • Boelee, Eline

Abstract

In low- and middle-income countries, people need water for drinking, personal hygiene and other domestic use. But they also use it for livestock, horticulture, irrigation, fisheries, brickmaking, and other small-scale enterprises. Multiple-use water services (MUS) are best suited to meeting peopleٳ needs. However, most water services are designed only for domestic water or only for agriculture, and fail to reflect its real-life use. The action research project ؍odels for implementing multiple-use water supply systems for enhanced land and water productivity, rural livelihoods and gender equity٠developed case studies in eight countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ethiopia, India, Nepal, South Africa, Thailand and Zimbabwe) involving 150 institutions. The project analysed two models: homestead-scale and community-scale MUS and developed a حultiple-use water ladder' to show how better livelihoods flow from increased access to water. This book shows how livelihoods act as the main driver for water services and how access to water is determined by sustainable water resources, appropriate technologies and equitable ways of managing communal systems. Climbing the water ladder requires a small fraction of total water resources, yet has the potential to help people climb out of poverty. Local government can be the pivot to make this happen. But, it needs support to implement its mandate to meet multiple-use demand and to become more accountable to people in communities.

Suggested Citation

  • van Koppen, Barbara & Smits, Stef & Moriarty, Patrick & Penning de Vries, Frits W.T. & Mikhail, Monique & Boelee, Eline, 2009. "Climbing the water ladder: multiple-use water services for poverty reduction," IWMI Books, International Water Management Institute, number 137955.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iwmibo:137955
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/137955
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Shah, Tushaar, 2007. "Issues in reforming informal water economies of low-income countries: examples from India and elsewhere," IWMI Books, Reports H040688, International Water Management Institute.
    2. Molden, David, 2007. "Water for food, water for life: a comprehensive assessment of water management in agriculture," IWMI Books, Reports H040193, International Water Management Institute.
    3. Molden, David, 2007. "Water for food, water for life: a comprehensive assessment of water management in agriculture: summary. In Russian," IWMI Books, Reports H041260, International Water Management Institute.
    4. Adeoti, Adeoti & Barry, Boubacar & Namara, Regassa & Kamara, Abdul & Titiati, Atsu, 2007. "Treadle pump irrigation and poverty in Ghana," IWMI Research Reports H040628, International Water Management Institute.
    5. Molden, David, 2007. "Water for food, water for life: a comprehensive assessment of water management in agriculture: summary. In Arabic," IWMI Books, Reports H041261, International Water Management Institute.
    6. Molden, David, 2007. "Water for food, water for life: a comprehensive assessment of water management in agriculture: summary," IWMI Books, Reports H039769, International Water Management Institute.
    7. Tulu, M. & Boelee, Eline & Taddesse, G. & Peden, D. & Aredo, D., 2008. "Estimation of livestock, domestic use, and crop water productivities of SG-2000 Water Harvesting Pilot Projects in Ethiopia," Conference Papers h041726, International Water Management Institute.
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