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Wage-productivity gap in OECD economies

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  • Elgin, Ceyhun
  • Kuzubas, Tolga Umut

Abstract

The Walrasian theory of labor market equilibrium predicts that in the absence of any market frictions, workers earn a wage rate equal to their marginal productivity. In this paper, based on the neoclassical tradition, the authors define the ratio of the marginal product of labor to real wages as the Pigouvian exploitation rate and then construct a panel dataset of this specific wage-productivity gap for the manufacturing sector in OECD economies. Next, they investigate its relationship with the unemployment rate along with various other variables such as the government taxation, capital expansion, unionization, inflation. Their findings suggest that the wage-productivity gap gives a robust and significantly positive response to shocks to unemployment rate and a negative response to shocks to unionization.

Suggested Citation

  • Elgin, Ceyhun & Kuzubas, Tolga Umut, 2013. "Wage-productivity gap in OECD economies," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal (2007-2020), Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW Kiel), vol. 7, pages 1-21.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifweej:201321
    DOI: 10.5018/economics-ejournal.ja.2013-21
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    2. Chen, W.D., 2018. "Upward wage rigidity and Japan's dispatched worker system," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 152-162.
    3. Ziesemer, Thomas, 2021. "Labour-augmenting technical change data for alternative elasticities of substitution, growth, slowdown, and distribution dynamics," MERIT Working Papers 2021-003, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    4. Gomez, Francisco & Mac-Auliffe, Raimundo & Rosselot, Santiago, 2014. "Brecha Productividad – Salario: Un Acercamiento Por Rama," Estudios Nueva Economía, Estudios Nueva Economía, vol. 3(1), pages 44-49.
    5. Jiménez Polanco, Miguel Alejandro & López Hawa, Nabil, 2017. "Explicando la brecha entre el salario real y la productividad laboral en la República Dominicana: Análisis macroeconómico y recomendaciones de políticas basadas en microsimulaciones [Explaining the," MPRA Paper 83441, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    8. Tristan Auvray & Cédric Durand & Joel Rabinovich & Cecilia Rikap, 2020. "Financialization's conservation and transformation: from Mark I to Mark II," Working Papers hal-03079425, HAL.
    9. Ceyhun ELGİN & Tolga Umut KUZUBAŞ, 2012. "Wage-Productivity Gap in Turkish Manufacturing Sector," Iktisat Isletme ve Finans, Bilgesel Yayincilik, vol. 27(316), pages 09-31.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    wages; marginal productivity of labor; panel-VAR; OECD economies;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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