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Adaptation To Climate Change And Climate Variability: Do It Now Or Wait And See?

Author

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  • DAIJU NARITA

    () (JICA Research Institute, Japan and Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Germany)

  • MARTIN F. QUAAS

    () (Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Germany)

Abstract

As growing attention is paid to climate change adaptation as an actual policy issue, the significant meaning of climate variability in adaptation decisions is beginning to be recognized. By using a real option framework for adaptation in agricultural production, we shed light on how climate change and climate variability affect individuals' (farmers') investment decisions with regard to adaptation (switching from rainfed to irrigated farming). The option value delays adaptation easily for several decades with a realistic set of parameter levels, implying a critical role of risk sharing in promoting adaptation. When variability-influenced adaptation involves the use of an open-access resource (groundwater), uncoordinated farmers may adapt too early or too late depending on the level of their risk aversion. Private adaptation should be supported or discouraged accordingly if coordination is infeasible or farmers are not convinced about the possibilities of collective resource management in the long run.

Suggested Citation

  • Daiju Narita & Martin F. Quaas, 2014. "Adaptation To Climate Change And Climate Variability: Do It Now Or Wait And See?," Climate Change Economics (CCE), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 5(04), pages 1-28.
  • Handle: RePEc:wsi:ccexxx:v:05:y:2014:i:04:n:s2010007814500134
    DOI: 10.1142/S2010007814500134
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alexander Golub & Daiju Narita, 2011. "Uncertainty in Integrated Assessment Models of Climate Change: Alternative Analytical Approaches," Working Papers 2011.02, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Adaptation to climate change; climate variability; risk and uncertainty; real option; water; open-access resources;

    JEL classification:

    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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